Small-angle X-ray scattering studies of Nafion/[Silicon oxide] and Nafion/ORMOSI

2019-05-17 20:34:58

angle silicon ray oxide Nafion

责任者: Deng, Q.;Cable, K.M.;Moore, R.B.;Mauritz, K.A. 单位: Univ of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA 来源出处: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics,1996,34(11):1917-1923 摘要: The small angle X-ray scattering technique was used to probe structural heterogeneity on the scale of nanometers within Nafion/[silicon oxide], Nafion/[ORMOSIL], and Nafion/[dimethylsiloxane] hybrid membranes. The results of this study reinforced the working hypothesis of morphological template action for the in situ growth of silicon oxide, or organically modified silicon oxide phases in perfluorosulfonate ionomers via sol-gel reactions for silicon alkoxide or/and silicon alkylalkoxide precursors. Nanophase separation persists when incorporated silicon oxide particles are postreacted with ethoxytrimethylsilane but postreaction with diethoxydimethylsilane generates co-continuous phases that do not generate ionomer SAXS peaks, presumably due to a more homogeneous Si atom distribution within the ionomer. These hydrids are true nanocomposites, as structural heterogeneity exists on the scale of approximately 5 mm. The variation of the small angle upturn for these hydrids is explained in terms of long-range inhomogeneities in ionomers. 关键词: Reinforced plastics;X ray analysis;Sol-gels;Polymeric membranes;Morphology;Chemical modification;Ionomers;Phase separation;Nanostructured materials;Molecular structure;Oligomers;Small angle X ray scattering (SAXS) technique;Organically modified silicate (ORMOSIL);Silicon oxide