So far ,Xituanshan culture belongs to the unique archeology culture of the Bronze Age which has been discovered in the Second Songhua River. The burials of Donglianggang site which were excavated in the year of 2004 are the new materials of Xituanshan culture. On the base of these,through the typiological analyse of pottery pot,this paper will carry out a research on the burials of Donglianggang which have been divided into several parts.It also synthesized other burial materials belonging to Xituanshan culture,carried on systematic compairison and analyse and made an inquiry about periodization and dating of Xituanshan culture’ burials again.Through that,we can understand the archeology culture of the Second Songhua River in the Bronze Age further.
This paper is divided into five parts totally:
Part one: General situation of finding and researching of Xituanshan culture.In this part,the author will introduce the work of archeology surveys and excavations, name assigned of Xituanshan culture which had been done before. The author also introduced the cultural characteristic,scope,typical sites and current general situation of the research.
Part two: In this part,according to the situation of the burials of Donglianggang site which had been excavated at this time,the author divided the burials of Donglianggang site into three groups .Through coexist relationship and the method of compairison and analyse,other potteries were merged pottery pot into three groups.
Part three: Research on typical burials of Xituanshan culture.The author introduced the current research situation about Xingxingshao graveyard and analyzed it. Combining with the material of the burials of Donglianggang site which have been excavated at this time,the author thought the burials of Xituanshan culture could be divided into three groups according to the pottery pots’ type.He also compared pottery pots which were unearthed in other typical burials with the same type of pottery pot which were unearthed in the burials of Donglianggang at this time and determined its group.
Part four: Research on the typical burials of Xituanshan Culture by dividing it into several stages.First,the author introduced several kinds of recognition about periodization and dating of the burials of Xituanshan culture exisited.Combining with the groups dividing about Xituanshan culture of the preceding part of the paper,the burials of Xituanshan culture were classified into three periods.Compairing with the surrounding cultures, the author determined the age of each period.The first period corresponds to the earlier and middle period of Western Zhou Dynasty, the second period corresponds to the later Western Zhou Dynasty and the Chunqiu period,the third period corresponds to Warring States period.
Part five: Research on burial system,burial custom and its characteristic of Xituanshan culture. The author first analysed the stone—coffin burials of Xituanshan culture and divided these into three types.Type A was divided into four patterns,type B and C were divided into two patterns each .Combining with the earthenware in each type of burials,the author discussed the increased and decreased trend of different type of burials in different periods.In the end the author carried on synthesizing analyse on the address chosing, material chosing,burial structure and grave—goods of Xituanshan culture .