从东梁岗墓葬看西团山文化墓葬的分期与断代/

2019-05-11 07:09:28

culture 墓葬 burials 西团山 Xituanshan



西团山文化是第二松花江流域目前为止发现的唯一的青铜时代考古学文化,2004年度发掘的东梁岗墓葬是西团山文化考古学文化遗存的新材料。本文在2004年度东梁岗墓葬所获材料的基础上,通过陶壶的类型学分析,对东梁岗墓葬进行了分段研究,并综合了其他属于西团山文化范畴的墓葬,进行系统的比较分析,重新探讨了西团山文化墓葬的分期与断代,以此进一步认识第二松花江流域青铜时代的考古学文化。
本文共分五个部分
一 西团山文化的发现与研究概况。介绍西团山文化的发现与命名,及以往所做的考古调查与发掘工作,研究现状。介绍西团山文化特征,分布范围,典型遗址,目前的研究概况。
二 介绍本次发掘的东梁岗墓葬概况,以这批材料为切入点,将东梁岗分为三组,通过共存关系和比较分析法将其他陶器归入陶壶三组。
三 西团山文化典型墓葬研究。首先分析了星星哨墓地,介绍了目前学界对星星哨墓地的研究现状,结合本次发掘的东梁岗墓地的材料,本人认为西团山文化墓葬可以按照陶壶的型式分为三组,并对其他典型墓地出土陶壶与本次发掘东梁岗出土同形制陶壶进行了比较,确定了其组别。
四 对西团上文化的典型墓葬进行分段研究。首先介绍了目前西团山文化墓葬分期断代存在的几种不同认识,结合前文对西团山文化组别的划分,本文将西团山文化墓葬分为早、中、晚三期,通过与周边文化的比较,确定了各期年代,其中第一期年代相当于西周初至西周中期,第二期年代相当于西周晚期至春秋,第三期年代相当于战国时期。
五 对西团山文化墓葬的葬制、葬俗及其特点进行了研究。首先对西团山石棺墓的形制进行分析,将西团山文化的石棺墓分为三型,A型分为四式,B、C型各分为两式,结合每个形制墓葬出土器物,探讨了不同墓葬形制在不同时期的增减趋势,其后对西团山文化墓葬的选址、选材、葬式、墓葬结构及随葬品进行了综合分析。




Abstract
So far ,Xituanshan culture belongs to the unique archeology culture of the Bronze Age which has been discovered in the Second Songhua River. The burials of Donglianggang site which were excavated in the year of 2004 are the new materials of Xituanshan culture. On the base of these,through the typiological analyse of pottery pot,this paper will carry out a research on the burials of Donglianggang which have been divided into several parts.It also synthesized other burial materials belonging to Xituanshan culture,carried on systematic compairison and analyse and made an inquiry about periodization and dating of Xituanshan culture’ burials again.Through that,we can understand the archeology culture of the Second Songhua River in the Bronze Age further.
This paper is divided into five parts totally:
Part one: General situation of finding and researching of Xituanshan culture.In this part,the author will introduce the work of archeology surveys and excavations, name assigned of Xituanshan culture which had been done before. The author also introduced the cultural characteristic,scope,typical sites and current general situation of the research.
Part two: In this part,according to the situation of the burials of Donglianggang site which had been excavated at this time,the author divided the burials of Donglianggang site into three groups .Through coexist relationship and the method of compairison and analyse,other potteries were merged pottery pot into three groups.
Part three: Research on typical burials of Xituanshan culture.The author introduced the current research situation about Xingxingshao graveyard and analyzed it. Combining with the material of the burials of Donglianggang site which have been excavated at this time,the author thought the burials of Xituanshan culture could be divided into three groups according to the pottery pots’ type.He also compared pottery pots which were unearthed in other typical burials with the same type of pottery pot which were unearthed in the burials of Donglianggang at this time and determined its group.
Part four: Research on the typical burials of Xituanshan Culture by dividing it into several stages.First,the author introduced several kinds of recognition about periodization and dating of the burials of Xituanshan culture exisited.Combining with the groups dividing about Xituanshan culture of the preceding part of the paper,the burials of Xituanshan culture were classified into three periods.Compairing with the surrounding cultures, the author determined the age of each period.The first period corresponds to the earlier and middle period of Western Zhou Dynasty, the second period corresponds to the later Western Zhou Dynasty and the Chunqiu period,the third period corresponds to Warring States period.
Part five: Research on burial system,burial custom and its characteristic of Xituanshan culture. The author first analysed the stone—coffin burials of Xituanshan culture and divided these into three types.Type A was divided into four patterns,type B and C were divided into two patterns each .Combining with the earthenware in each type of burials,the author discussed the increased and decreased trend of different type of burials in different periods.In the end the author carried on synthesizing analyse on the address chosing, material chosing,burial structure and grave—goods of Xituanshan culture .