论环东海(日本海)地区的经济合作与发展/

2019-05-06 13:11:33

economic cooperation region Japan SEA



目前, 世界经济正朝着国际化、地区化方向快速发展。 这种国际化、地区化时代的到来,不仅加速了国家间经济共同体的形成,而且还促进了地方间的经济合作与交流。与西方国家相比,环东海(日本海)地区的国家虽然拥有很大的经济合作发展潜力,但始终没有像西方国家那样较容易地形成经济共同体。为此,本论文提出了加强环东海(日本海)地方间经济合作的设想,并认为地区间的经济合作较国家间的经济合作更具有其可行性和可操作性。所以,首先从地方间的经济合作入手,率先构筑地区间的经济合作共同体,将会对该地区的经济繁荣与发展更为有效。
本论文的第一部分论述了环东海(日本海)地区的概念及其区域经济合作的模式。重点对东北亚和环东海(日本海)的地理位置进行了区分,阐述了环东海(日本海)相关国家的地方间经济合作的必要性,并列举了中日韩三国学者和专家提出的关于环东海(日本海)地区的几种经济合作模式。
第二部分,主要围绕环东海(日本海)地区经济交流与合作的背景、现状及特点等问题进行了较为系统及深入地分析,并对其进展情况和存在的问题进行了评论,认为连续举办十届的“环东海(日本海)地方政府知事•省长会议”为促进该地区的经济合作起到了推动作用,且地方政府参与环东海(日本海)经济圈的合作较其各自的中央政府更为积极主动,成为“主角”。另外,还对该地区的未来走势进行了预测,观点是:前景看好,可挖掘的潜力很大,但短期内合作进展不会太快。该观点主要依据是,位于该地区的国家在政治体制方面和经济发展水平上存在较大的差异,遗留的历史问题和出来的一些新问题还一时难以解决,加之意识形态、价值取向的不同等,这些均会成为阻碍和影响合作发展的不利因素。但从长远看,可以肯定的一点是: 随着世界经济全球化、区域经济一体化进程的加快、东北亚地区经贸的不断深入、各方相互了解的增多、认同感的增强,环东海(日本海)地区的经济合作成果会愈来愈明显,将出现更加繁荣的景象。
第三部分,主要是对位于环东海(日本海)地区的中国吉林省、俄罗斯滨海边疆区、韩国江原道三地的经济发展状况及产业结构进行了介绍和分析,以便从中寻找扩大三地间经济合作的领域、途径和方法,进一步加快这一地区的经济发展。
第四部分,对发展三地间的经济合作提出五点建议,即:加快构筑三地间合理通畅的物流体系;加强三地经济开发区间的合作;三地携手共同开发利用旅游资源;充分发挥三地经济团体的作用;确立三地的经济合作中心地位,实现东北亚地区经济的共同繁荣。




In recent years, world economy shows more and more features of internalization and localization, which not only accelerate the formation of an economic community among countries, but also promote the economic cooperation and communication among different regions. Although East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim countries demonstrate great economic potential, it is not as easy for them to form an economic community as for western countries. Considering this, the thesis assumes that East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim countries should reinforce the economic cooperation among local regions, and also maintains that the local economic cooperation is of greater feasibility and operability than the national cooperation. Therefore, to form a local economic cooperative community will be a more effective way to strengthen the economic prosperity and development of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region.
In the first part, the thesis explains the concept of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region and lists several patterns of the economic cooperation in this region. Particularly, it focuses on the differentiation of two geographical terms—the Northeast Asia region and the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region, the illustration of the necessity of the economic cooperation among local regions within the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region, and several patterns of the economic cooperation proposed by Chinese, Japan and South Korean scholars and experts.
In the second part, the thesis makes a systematic and thorough analysis on the background, current situation and characteristics of the economic communication and cooperation in the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region, and also comments on the present progresses and existing problems. The thesis maintains that “The Conference of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim Region for Governors” which has been held for ten years in succession has greatly promoted the economic cooperation within this region; local governments are more active than central governments and have become the “chief character” in establishing the economic community of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region. The thesis also predicts for the future of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region. On the one hand, the economic cooperation will not show a rapid development in a short term. Countries in this region are significantly different in their political systems and uneven in their economic development; some historical problems have not been solved yet; meanwhile, new problems are still emerging; people from different countries often possess different ideologies and values. All of the differences and problems will greatly hinder the cooperative development of the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region. On the other hand, the latent potential for development is great and the long-term prospect is certainly very promising in this region. Due to the acceleration of the globalization of world economy and the integration of regional economy, the economic development of the Northeast Asia region, and the deepening of the mutual understanding and the increasing agreement of attitudes among all sides, it is sure that more and more achievements will be accomplished by the economic cooperation within the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region and countries within this region will be more and more prosperous.
In the third part, the thesis introduces and analyzes respectively the economic development situation and industrial structure of three places within the East Sea (Japan Sea) Rim region —Jilin Province in China, Primorsky Krai in Russia, and Gangwon-do in South Korea— in order to find out the methods to enlarge the economic cooperative scope among the three nations, and to further accelerate the economic development in this region.
In the fourth part, the thesis proposes five suggestions in realizing the common prosperity of the Northeast Asia region: the first is to accelerate the construction of a reasonable and smooth logistics system among the three places; the second is to reinforce the cooperation among the economic development zones in the three places; the third is to cooperatively exploit and utilize the tourism resources in the three places; the fourth is to fully exert the functions of the economic organizations in the three places; the fifth is to establish economic cooperation as the central concern among the three places.