“Treaty of peace with Japan” was an important treaty after the World WarⅡ, and it had an important influence to the Asian-Pacific area, especially to China, Russia, Japan, America, ect. By describing its background, reasons, content and influence, this article offered certain explanations for such questions as conception of history, Alliance of America and Japan, Fourth Northern Islands, Diaoyu Island and the improvement of the Japanese international status after the war, etc.
The article has four parts, and its abstract is as follows:
The first part is “the transition of America policy on Japan”. At first it described America policy on Japan during the World WarⅡand after war. In the initial stage of the Pacific War, American aim was to defeat Japan. From 1944 to the initial stage after War, American policy was to contain the development of Japan, and made it not become the rival of America again. Under the guidance of this policy, America carried out the reform of democratization and demilitary to Japan after the war.
However, because the changes of the international situation, America began to adjust its policy on Japan. The relation between America and Russia worsened, it lead to the Cold War. The Cold War made America “favor” Japan gradually, and it wanted to contain Russia by Japan.
Another important reason was the failure of its policy on China. At first, America wanted to foster the Kuomintang government of China, and made it become American spokesman in Asia. But in the battle field, the Kuomintang army was defeated, so America had no choice but to adjust its policy on China and begin to foster Japan finally.
The second part is“the concrete reasons of‘Treaty Of Peace With Japan’”.It has three concrete reasons. Firstly, how State Department, the US department of defense, and Headquarters of the confederates are in harmony. Secondly, how America and other countries are in harmony each other. These countries included Philippine, Australia, New Zealand, Britain and some African and Latin American countries. Getting support of Britain was the most important work for America Government. Thirdly, the strive of Japanese government. To sign the treaty which is good to Japan,Japan government helped American from all sides,and at last it got America“favor” and signed the one-sided treaty of making peace.
The third part is“the main contents of ‘treaty of peace With Japan’”. It described the main contents of “treaty of peace with Japan” and “safe treaty of America and Japan”. Thus it offered basis on which analyse their impacts on the Asia-Pacific area. Moreover, this part also described the relation of “Treaty Of Peace With Japan” and “safe treaty of America and Japan”. They were dense and integral. And “safe treaty of America and Japan” can be regarded as an indispensable part of “Treaty Of Peace With Japan”.
The fourth part is “the influence of ‘Treaty of peace with Japan’”. This part is the most important one in the article. It described its influence to China, Russia, America, Japan, etc. It included five respects: Firstly, it damaged the benefit of China seriously. This conference repelled China outside, and the treaty obliterated the historical contribution that the Chinese army and people resisted Japanese invaders during the decade from 1931 to 1941.On the Taiwan issue, America and Japan did the fuzzy policy, and it damaged the sovereignty of China. Secondly, forming the wrong conception of history. The treaty was extremely spacious to the war criminals, and made Japan avoid the war indemnities, and avoided mentioning the nature to the war. Therefore, it promoted the forming of the wrong conception of history in Japan. Thirdly, the Alliance of America and Japan threatened the security of Asia. It was a military alliance of anti-Russia and anti-communism, so it threatened the peaceful situation of Asia. Fourthly, Four Northern Islands and Diaoyu Island question. An origin that they produced was that America and Japan made peace one-sided, so questions became more complicated. Fifthly, the improvement of Japanese international status. It made Japan return to the international political platform. Because of the nuclear ambrella of America, Japan could use more funds for economic construction, and take a shortcut economically.