日本中小学教师资格制度之经纬/Research on the Qualification System of Teachersof Elementary and

2019-03-29 08:17:59

制度 teacher qualification Japan 教师资格



教师资格制度是国家对教师实行的一种法定职业资格认定制度。教师资格制度是教师任用走上科学化、规范化和法制化轨道的重要保证。实行教师资格制度,是确保教师质量,提高教师专业地位,进而提高教师社会地位的重要举措。日本是教师资格制度实施较早的国家之一,积累了丰富的经验。我们可以借鉴教师资格制度比较完善的日本做法,使我国教师队伍建设形成良性循环,从根本上提高教师队伍的整体素质,促进教育的改革和发展。日本又是一个法制比较健全的亚洲国家,其教师资格制度对我国的教师专业化发展有一定的启示。

本研究拟从日本中小学教师资格制度的历史沿革、改革、完善与创新、现状与特点多个角度对日本中小学教师资格制度进行较为全面的研究,在深入研究中日教师资格制度特点的基础上,分析我国教师资格制度存在问题的原因,并针对我国教师资格制度不够完善的地方,参照日本教师资格制度改革的经验,总结出一条适合我国国情的、完善的、合理的教师资格制度改革的方案。



Teacher qualification system is a legal institution of professional certification applied to teachers by state. The system is an important insurance to legal management of education and scientific-making, standardization and legalization of teacher appointment. The employment of this system is vital to ensure the quality, to strengthen the professional status so as to improve the social position of teachers. Japan, one of the nations which employ the system relatively earlier, is with rich experiences for us. It is advisable for us to draw on the experiences of Japan, whose teacher qualification system is relatively sophisticated, in order to construct a perfect cycle for the formation of teacher teams and then improve the whole quality of teachers and promote the reforms and developments of education. Japan is an Asian country with amplified system of laws, whose teacher qualification system is of great enlightenment for the professional development of teachers in our country.

This research is designed to study comprehensively the teacher qualification system of elementary and secondary schools in Japan from aspects such as history, reforms, perfection and innovation, current situation and characteristics. On the basis of thorough analysis of the problems of teacher qualification system in Japan and China, the author analyzes the causes of the problems in Chinese teacher qualification system. Furthermore, in the light of incompleteness of our teacher qualification system and refer to the measures adopted in Japan’s teacher qualification system reforms, this thesis summarizes and put forward a scheme, which is over-all, reasonable and fit to our national conditions, for the reform of Chinese teacher qualification system.