论战后日本政府开发援助/A Study of Japan’s Official Development Assistance after World War I

2019-03-28 21:31:20

foreign Japanese Japan aid 援助



在国际关系中,对外援助具有不可取代的重要作用和研究价值。对外援助是一种经济性的政策行为,却常常会带有极为浓厚的政治、安全和意识形态等多方面的深远蕴涵。对外援助牵涉到国际关系的各个方面,它同援助国的国家发展战略、外交政策息息相关,体现了援助国的战略意图和政策目标,透过外援我们能够看到不同时期国际关系的变化,包括援助国的战略调整、外交走向等。

    政府开发援助是对外援助中的重要研究领域。日本政府开发援助是其对外政治、经济关系的重要组成部分,是日本战后以来发挥国际作用,扩大国际影响的最有效方式。对于一个在经济上受到重创,政治上受到制裁,军事上受到限制的日本来说,政府开发援助从来就是其国家发展战略中的重要工具和有效手段。

    本文第一章,日本政府开发援助的历史回顾,第二章,日本政府开发援助政策的决策与实施体系,第三章,日本政府开发援助的特点和评价。



In international relations, foreign aid has the incommutably function .Though foreign aid performances as economy behavior, it usually oversteps the economic regulation system roughly with  extremely politics, safety, diplomacy, consciousness appearance .it embodies the aid country’s   concept of value and policy target. Under more circumstances, it is influenced by national politics, diplomacy, safe etc. 

The  Official Development  Aid ( ODA) with its authorities background, government behavior, strategy intention ,favorable polices etc. characteristics, becomes an important research  aspect of  aiding  .Particularly to Japan , a nation with special situation,  can hardly play important functions on politics and military after second world war . ODA is an exactly valid way to develop Japan’s international function and extend its international influence. Japanese ODA plays an importance role in its foreign political and economy relationships. To militarily instructed Japan, foreign economic aid is its national means to develop its strategy. 

Chapter one, Japanese  official development aid review.  Chapter two, Japanese govern ment development aid `s system and implement. Chapter three, comment on  Japanese  official  development  aid.