简析近代中国留日、留美学生差异以及影响（1900——1929）/A Study on the Differences and Influences betwee
In 1872 Qing government dispatched the young boys to study in the United States for the first time. It is one of the first sign that China can’t bear the backward and declined state but work hard for self-support, which leads the beginning of the modern overseas’ movement. After that, more and more people go to study abroad and the surging wave of studying abroad occurs constantly, which bring out an overseas group of over 10 thousand. “Seas in turbulence just show the true quality of heroes”. During the modern China that is full of rapid transformations, returned student is a special community among the Chinese intellectuals. Standing at the front position of epoch, they inherit the ancient traditional culture in China and bathe the civilization in the west. Thereby they become the leading force in Chinese modernization process.
In this overseas army, the number and the influence of the students both studying in Japan and the United States surpass that of the other overseas groups greatly. Having their own distinctive features, the two groups embody obvious differences in studying at abroad and effecting at home. This article chooses Chinese students both studying in Japan and studying in the United States from 1900-1929 to compare the differences between the two groups. After itemizing the differences, I will try to analyze the related reasons.
The first part compares the overseas lives between students studying in Japan and students studying in the United States. I compare and analyze them mainly from two aspects: their school work (major inclinations and achievements) and the students’ communities. From this we can see these two overseas groups embody different inclinations when studying abroad, which forecast the differences of their influences at home.
The second part reveals that the main realm influenced by students studying in Japan is different from that of students studying in the United States. Students studying in Japan make influences in the realm of politics and army greatly; students studying in the United States are superior in the realm of science and academy.
The third part analyzes the different features of students both studying in Japan and studying in the United States in ideology, literature and education. From this we can see students studying in Japan display high political enthusiasm in any aspect, however, students studying in the United States are always interested in science and academy.
The last part demonstrates the main reasons which cause the differences between students studying in Japan and students studying in the United States. About the objective factors, I analyze the related policies of the Qing government and the Republic of China government, the related manners of America and Japan with Chinese students and so on. About subjective factors, through the speeches of some representative people I analyze the group features of students both studying in Japan and studying in the United States.