冷战时期日本对朝鲜政策分析/The Analysis of Japanese Policy towards Korea

2019-03-27 04:01:57

relationship 日本 Japanese Japan Korean



朝鲜半岛对日本具有重要的战略关系。虽然第二次世界大战使日本结束了对朝鲜36年的殖民统治,失去了对朝鲜半岛的控制,但随着东西冷战的形成,以及战后日本采取对美一边倒的外交政策,使战后日本对朝鲜政策表现为遏制与接触并举的政策。日本在对朝关系的操作过程中,必须解决两手策略如何有机结合的问题,这是使日朝关系按照日本意愿发展的一个关键所在。否则,“扩大日本在朝鲜半岛发言权”的希望将成为泡影,“主导亚太事务”的目标将成为痴人说梦,“迈向政治大国”的宏愿也将成为无以实现的“空中楼阁”。所以日朝关系正常化,虽然是日本所希望的,但同时又不是在短时间内能够实现的,日朝关系的改善道路仍将是漫长而曲折的。



For Japan’s part, Korean peninsula bears a strategically meaningful importance. In spite of the fact that the Second World War terminated the 36 years of colonial domination over Korea and that Japan lost the control of this peninsula, the existence of Cold War and American-predominant diplomacy made the Japanese policies towards Korea characterized as both restrainable and contactable. For Japan, the crux of the problem involving Japanese-Korean relationship is how to combine and balance the two-sided strategies appropriately, which is the key point in the development of Japanese-Korean relationship beneficial to Japan. Otherwise, the hope that “Japan reinforces the control over Korean peninsula” will be dashed to the ground; the aim “to dominate the Asian-Pacific affairs” can not be realized; furthermore, the desire “to be a politically powerful state” will end as “a castle in the air.” Consequently, a normalized Japanese-Korean relationship is what Japan expects to have, which, however, can not be realized in a short time. There is still a long way to go to ameliorate the Japanese-Korean relationship.