1941年日美谈判进程及破裂原因探析/US-Japan Negotiations in 1941——An Analysis of the Process and

2019-03-25 22:52:47

两国 US Japan 日美 1941



珍珠港事件作为日美关系中一个重大事件,引发了太平洋战争,并最终导致了第二次世界大战的全面爆发。此前,为了尽可能避免战争的发生,日美两国在1941年进行了长达九个月的谈判。在谈判的过程中,随着日美两国国内以及国际形势的不断变化,日美矛盾不断激化,最后导致谈判破裂并最终走向战争。本文从近代日美关系入手,阐述了日美两国的远东政策,记述了日美两国1941年谈判的全过程,以及在此过程中两国矛盾是如何逐级加深的,重点从外交、经济和文化三个方面分析日美谈判最终走向破裂的原因。

本篇论文在结构上共分为三部分。第一部分追溯了日美关系的开端,回顾了近代两国在远东地区的恩怨以及两国远东政策是如何确立的,对比了两国远东政策的差异并分析了形成这种差异的原因。第二部分较为详细地描述了太平洋战争爆发前的1941年日美两国谈判的过程。在国际风云的不断变幻中,尽管日美双方竭力依据形势调整各自的外交策略,但是由于彼此之间矛盾的不可调和性,最终未能挽回“宿命对决”的战争局面。文中最后一部分重点分析了日美谈判最终破裂的原因。



As an event of crucial importance in US-Japan relation, the Pearl Harbor Attack triggered off the Pacific War and ultimately led to the breakout of the Second World War. Seeking to avoid the war, America and Japan started a series of negotiations in 1941 which lasted for nine months before the raid. However, as the domestic and international situations changed drastically, US-Japan relation had been exacerbated during the negotiations which eventually broke down and contributed to the inevitability of the war. The thesis starts with US-Japan relation in modern times and expounds on the two nations’ policies in the Far East.  Through a review of the whole process of the US-Japan negotiations in 1941, the thesis analyses the gradual intensification of US-Japan collision, and examines the reasons for the final rupture of the negotiations from diplomatic, economic, and cultural perspectives.

This paper is divided into three parts. The first part, which traces the origin of the US-Japan relation, reviews the development of the US-Japan conflict in the Far East as well as the formation of the two states’ policies in the Far East in modern era,and analyses the differences of their policies and the factors that give rise to these differences. The second part describes in details the process of the US-Japan negotiation in 1941 ere the outbreak of the war. In spite that both America and Japan adjusted their policies to the changeable international climate, the two countries, which were in irreconcilable conflict with each other, failed to avoid the “fatal antagonism” between them, which led to the war. The last part of the paper analyses the factors causing the final rupture of the US-Japan negotiations.