中日关系中的LT贸易/China-Japan relation on LT trade

2019-03-25 21:53:27

lt China trade relations Japan



新中国成立后至1972年9月日本首相田中角荣访华前,中国与日本之间没有正式的政府间的外交关系,以经济活动为中心的民间交往自然成为两国交往的核心。其中从1962年到1973年延续了11年的LT贸易被誉为“半官方”和“准政府”间的贸易,对中日关系的发展和中日邦交正常化起积极的推动作用。

战后随着美苏冷战的加剧,为了遏制共产主义势力的扩张,美国对社会主义中国采取顽固的敌视态度,贸易政策于是被看作是对中国进行遏制的重要手段。并把遏制中国的政策加诸于其占领下的日本政府,限制中日间政治经济往来。加之日本政府自身的反华心理作祟,致使中日关系徘徊不前。中日两国为改善政治经济关系,促进中日邦交正常化早日实现做出了许多努力。1962年签订的LT贸易,使中日关系迈出了一大步。LT贸易的签订和实施阶段是中日恢复邦交正常化前中日关系发展的最好阶段,也是五六十年代贸易时间最长,完成情况最好的贸易协定。

本文共包含五个部分,即序言、LT贸易前的中日关系与民间贸易概况、LT贸易的确立、实施及发展情况。首先,介绍了LT贸易前美国对华全面贸易禁运政策和对中日贸易的严厉遏制以及中日民间的四次贸易的实施情况。其次,利用文章的三个部分,全面介绍了LT贸易的形成过程、LT贸易的实施情况、以及LT贸易改为备忘录贸易的全过程。并就LT贸易对中日关系的影响和对中日邦交正常化的推动作用进行分析。最后,针对中日两国近些年的政治冷淡,借鉴LT贸易时期的中日交往情况,提出政治经济不可分离,其依然是中日关系中应该遵守的政治原则,政治的冷淡会使经济逐渐转冷;要不断加强中日间的民间交往,促进中日两国人民的相互了解;增强中国综合国力的观点。



After the founding of new China in September 1972, between China and Japan has no formal diplomatic relations between the government, to the center of economic activity for non-governmental exchanges between the two exchanges naturally become the core. From 1962 to 1973 which lasted 11 years LT trade as "quasi-government" and "quasi-government" among trade, for the development of China-Japan relations and the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan play an active role in promoting.

With the intensification of the post-war U.S.-Soviet Cold War, to contain the expansion of communism forces, the United States stubbornly taken to the hostile attitude of socialist China, trade policy was seen as an important means to contain China. And the policy of containing China on its occupation of the Japanese government to restrict the political and economic exchanges between China and day. And the Japanese government's own anti-China psychological cause trouble, leaving stagnant for China-Japan relations. China and Japan to improve political and economic relations, promote the early realization of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan have made many efforts. 1962, signed Lt trade relations to China and Japan as a step forward. LT trade and the signing of the implementation phase is the restoration of diplomatic relations between China and Japan before the best stage of development of Sino-Japanese relations, as well as the'50s and'60s Trade longest completion of the best trade agreements.

This included a total of five parts, namely, the preamble, LT trade relations with China and Japan before the civil trade profiles, LT trade establishment, implementation and development. First, introduced LT former U.S. trade policies and comprehensive trade embargo on China and Japan as well as China and Japan to curb trade in severe civil four trade implementation. Secondly, the use of the three-part article, a comprehensive presentation of a LT trade process, the implementation of trade LT, and LT trade to the whole process of trade memorandum. On the LT and the impact of trade on China-Japan relations and to promote the role of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan for analysis. Finally, China and Japan in recent years against political indifference, from Lt trade exchanges between China and Japan during the period of political and economic inseparable by the China-Japan relations remains to be observed political principles, the political economy will cool gradually turns cold; It is necessary to strengthen the people to people contacts, day to promote mutual understanding between the peoples of China and Japan; enhance China's comprehensive national strength perspective.