日本对俄罗斯能源外交/The Diplomatic Strategy of Japan to the Energy of Russia

2019-03-25 18:30:10

能源 strategy energy Russia Japan



本文研究两次石油危机之后日本对俄罗斯的能源外交战略及对东北亚地区的影响。日本是世界上仅次于美国的第二大经济体,同时它也是能源消费大国,但其自身能源短缺. 能源安全是关系到整个国家经济发展乃至生死存亡的重大问题。正是如此,近年来,日本政府着眼于全球能源战略高度,努力制定并大力实施能源构成多样化,能源进口多元化及以国家战略储备为依托的能源发展战略,以确保自身能源的长期安全供给。并且应当指出的是,由于日本就俄远东石油问题与中国形成争夺态势,这就迫切的要求我国应尽早的制定符合中国国情的能源战略。由于地缘政治结构和自然资源的差别,能源对东北亚敏感地带而言具有双重性,一方面,能源可能造成大国对抗从而加剧地区紧张,另一方面,通过重要的新形式的合作,各国之间的矛盾可得到化解。积极推进能源合作,将对整个东北亚的稳定起建设性作用。.本文拟就日本对俄罗斯能源合作的背景及中日俄对输油管道所持的不同态度做系统分析,以期从总体把握日本对俄罗斯能源外交政策走向。

本文分为四个部分。第一部分在简要介绍日本两次石油危机之后的战略形成及在日、中、俄围绕能源合作问题中,由于日本半路杀出,导致中俄输油管线初步协议破坏,这是日本与俄罗斯进一步加强能源合作的原因;第二部分对近年来日﹑中﹑俄油气管道之争,深入阐述并分析各自所持立场,并指出这种大国之间的较量充分反映了当今国际社会复杂的地缘政治关系和商业利益格局;第三部分从能源和地缘战略角度进一步指出日本对俄罗斯能源外交战略及对东北亚战略的关系;第四部分从分析东北亚区域能源合作有利和不利因素出发,阐述日俄能源合作对东北亚地区的影响及前景展望。



Japan,being the second biggest energy-consuming country in the world, is nevertheless dangerously short of natural resources especially after two oil crises .This article mainly studies the energy strategy of Japan towards Russia and the effect to the Northeast Asia area. The security of energy is a big problem which relates to its grave crisis between life and death. Thus ,in recent years, the Japanese government departments have its eyes on the global energy recourses and formulate explicit policies of varieties of the energy constitution and diversification of the energy import channels and state strategy reserve in order to ensure the long-term energy supply safely. 

The enforcement of the energy strategy has challenged China whose economy develops fast and requires energy greatly. Because Japan scrambled Far-East energy market with China, it is urgent for China to form its own unique energy strategy. Since the differences of geopolitics and natural resources, energy is a double-edged sword., on one hand, it is energy that brings the relationships among nations a tense situation, on the other hand, it also can be settled by the new co operations and may play an important and constructive role to the stability of Northeast Asia. This article makes an systematic analysis to the background of the energy cooperation between Japan and Russia and the respective attitude to the petroleum pipeline . The author expects to seize the overall political trend of the energy diplomacy Japan towards Russia.

The article is composed of three parts. In part one ,after Japan's twice oil crises ,it draws its own energy strategy and described the rupture of petroleum pipeline between China and Russia . it analyses the background of the cooperation between Japan and Russia; In part two, in recent years, there being scrambles for petroleum pipeline among China ﹑Japan and Russia, the author sets force its own position and benefits on this question of each side and points out the reflection of the complicated international tense situation and the commercial benefits; On part three, the author points that Japan's energy diplomatic strategy and Northeast Asia strategy. On part four, analyzing the advantages and disadvantages, the author sets force the effect and prospects of the Japan and Russia's energy cooperation to Northeast Asia.