近代日本对阜新煤炭资源的掠夺(1908-1945)/Japan Seizing Fuxin Coal Resources in modern history(1

2019-03-25 17:13:34

resources coal Japan Fuxin 阜新



早在日俄战争之际,一直窥视中国东北经济资源的日本就把侵略之手伸向阜新煤炭资源。1914年日本以“大日方事件”为突破口,在阜新创办所谓的中日“合办”大新、大兴矿业合资公司,开始了对阜新煤炭资源的攫取。“九•一八”事变爆发之后,日本以武力独霸阜新百里矿区丰富的煤炭资源,标志着日本对阜新煤炭资源的掠夺进入了新阶段。伴随着日本发动的侵华战争、太平洋战争等对外侵略战争规模的不断扩大,日渐发展的阜新煤炭业完全成为日本宗主国殖民主义经济体制的重要组成部分,服从于日本对外军事侵略的总目标。日本在掠夺阜新煤炭资源长达近四十年的时间里,采取一系列措施强化对阜新煤炭资源的掠夺:对阜新煤田进行了“地毯式的”地质调查和竭泽而渔式的掠采;对负责掠夺阜新煤炭资源管理机构的不断更迭即满铁—满炭—满业—阜新炭矿株式会社的更替来实现和保障对阜新煤炭资源最大限度的掠夺;创办与煤炭业相关的机械制造、火药等辅助产业和电力、铁路、选煤厂等附属设施来提升对阜新煤炭资源攫取的纵深度,等等。本文拟通过对上述问题的梳理过程,揭示出日本掠夺阜新及中国东北煤炭资源的实质和目的。



As early as when the Russo-Japanese War, continuously peeps at the Northeast China economical resources Japan on to extend hand of the aggression to the Fuxin coal resources. In 1914 Japan take "the big Japanese side event" as the breach, organized so-called China and Japan in Fuxin "to jointly manage" is greatly new, energetically the mining industry joint venture, started to Fuxin coal resources seizing. "After nine eighteen" emergency eruption, Japan lords over the Fuxin hundred miles mining areas rich coals resources by the military force, symbolized Japan entered the new stage to Fuxin coal resources plundering. Is following the invasion of China war, the Pacific War which Japan starts and so on the foreign aggressive war scale unceasing expansion, develops day after day the Fuxin coal industry becomes the Japanese suzerain colonialism economic system completely the important constituent, obeys in the Japanese foreign military aggression total goal. Japan in long plunders the Fuxin coal resources to reach in nearly 40 years, takes a series of measures to strengthen to Fuxin coal resources plundering: Has carried on "the rug -like" to the Fuxin coal field the geological investigation and killing the goose that lays the golden eggs -like plunders to pick; For is responsible to plunder the Fuxin coal resource management organization to alternate is unceasingly Man Tie— man Tan— man Ye—the Fuxin coal ore joint-stock company's change realizes and the safeguard to Fuxin coal resources maximum limit plundering; Assistance industry and the electric power, the railroad, the coal dressing plant and so on origination and coal industry correlation machine manufacture, gunpowder and so on the attached facility promotes the vertical depth which seizes to the Fuxin coal resources, and so on. This article plans through to comb the process to the above question, promulgates Japan to plunder Fuxin and the Northeast China coal resources essence and the goal.