文化形态的飞跃--6、7世纪的日本/The Leap of the Cultural Morphology----Japan In The Sixth And

2019-03-24 07:27:22

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6、7世纪的日本经历了一场大的社会变革。圣德太子改革以前的日本,处于氏族制国家时代。其突出的表现为经济生活上的部民制,政治上的氏姓制,以及在此基础上产生的共同体信仰。三者互相影响,共同构成了此时的日本——氏族制国家。圣德太子首先在思想上对落后状况进行了革新,引进了大陆的先进文化思想。在其思想的指引下,引发了“大化改新”,全方位的改变了此前的落后状况:公地公民制取代部民制,中央集权制取代氏姓制,高级宗教——佛教取得了国家宗教的地位,取代以血缘为基础共同体信仰。律令将这一成果以法律的形式肯定下来,日本进入了一个新的时代。优势文化的传播扩散、精英分子的大力推进以及日本的民族性在这一时刻所表现出来的灵活顺应倾向是整个社会飞跃性的发展根本原因。



Japan experienced a great social innovation during the sixth and seventh century. Before the reform of Price Sheng De, Japan was a Clan Tribes state. Its main characteristics were that people implemented Freemen System in economic life and Surname System in politics. Furthermore, on the basis of those, Community belief came into being. Price Sheng De first updated Japanese backward situation in thoughts. He introduced advanced cultural thoughts from the Chinese Mainland. Under the guidance of its thoughts, he implemented Taika era reform so that previous situation improved omnidirectionally: Commons and Citizen System replaced Freemen System; Centralization of Power replaced the System about Family Names; National religion replaced Community belief which is based on kinship; Laws and regulations affirmed the achievement. Since then, Japan entered a new epoch. Preponderant culture spreaded widely and elites made great efforts to promote Japan and Japanese nationality which were fundamental reasons of high-speed development of the whole society.