抗日战争时期国际友人视野中的国共两党/Relationship between Kuomintang and Communist in the eyes of

2019-03-22 03:21:36

paper Chinese Japan War Kuomintang



中国的抗日战争既是一场反侵略反压迫的民族解放斗争,又是一场拯救民族危亡,维护世界和平的正义战争。因此,它不仅促成了国内各种政治派别的团结,凝聚了海内外炎黄子孙的力量,而且还赢得了国际上进步力量——国际友人的同情支持,并获得了他们极为可贵的援助。在这场艰苦卓绝的斗争中,他们以自身独特的方式,以自己独特的眼光看待中国问题,采写了数量众多、影响巨大的有关中国国共两党抗战的报道和文章。他们用真实的声音,从各个角度来深刻探询当时中国的希望,寻求摆脱侵略压迫的道路。本文试图通过国际友人的视角,对抗战时期国共两党在抗战态度、辖区统治情况、军队作战成效、医疗状况和对待外援态度方面进行了深入思考和分析。

本文正文共分五个部分。

第一部分,论述抗战时期国际友人对国共两党抗战态度的观察及评价。认为抗战初期国民党的积极抗战态度是值得肯定的,同时也揭露了其中期抗战态度的动摇性;并概括指出共产党抗战态度的坚定性,倡导和建立抗日民族统一战线的积极性以及配合国民党正面战场的主动性。

第二部分,叙述两党各自统辖区域的面貌,如国统区的进步性表现及其在政治、经济和舆论方面的腐败统治;共产党根据地在团结人民,实行民主政治和自力更生发展战时经济等方面给国际友人留下了深刻印象。

第三部分,记述了两党军队在战术、战绩及军纪状况等方面的状况。指出国民党士兵保家卫国的思想和行动是值得肯定的,但军队本身在战略决策、军纪和内部团结等方面仍存在弊端;而共产党军队在保证军事胜利的前提下,注意运用思想政治攻势维持强大的战斗力。

第四部分,阐述了抗战时期两党的艰苦医疗情况。揭示出国民党的腐败统治已波及到关乎士兵生命的医疗界;与此对比,共产党的自力更生精神和医疗工作者恪尽职守的崇高精神也体现在医疗救助中。

第五部分,对两党对待外援等方面的观察和评价,指出国民党侧重于依靠外援,而共产党以自力更生为主。



Chinese war against Japan is a justice war that the Chinese nation struggle for nation liberation. At the same time, the war saved the Chinese nation and secured the world peace. So the war not only helped to bring about the co-operation of domestic every kind of political groups, but also won the sympathy and support from all international friends, who observed Chinese problem with their special perspectives during the hard and unsurpassed war. Thereby, they edited numerous and influential repasts and articles concerning Chinese war against Japan. They used true voice to explore the Chinese development by which the Chinese nation could resist the Japanese invasion and oppression. From international friends conception, the paper try to analyze Chinese war conditions between Kuomintang and the Chinese Party in the war district, including their anti-Japan attitude, social circumstances, troops, medical treatment, and their attitude towards aids from other countries.

The paper consists of five parts totally.

In the first part, the paper discuss the anti-Japan advocacy which Kuomintang and the Chinese Party .From international friends observation and appraisal, they affirm the positive anti-Japan attitude of Kuomintang in the early period of Chinese anti-Japan war. And they highlight the Chinese Party’s perseverance to fight with Japanese.

In the second part, the paper surveys the social circumstances in war district .Such as progressive force in Kuomintang rule area, Kuomintang’s corrupt domination in politics, economy and public opinions. However, in the Chinese Party’s district, democracy, unification, supporting oneself policy move international friends deeply.

In the third part, the paper describes two pasties military tactics, disciplines and achievement .The conclusion point out that the soldiers of Kuomintang hold up the banner to protect the motherland with activity. The Chinese Communist Party’s troops stress to use the political attack to enforce mighty fighting strength.

In the forth part, the paper comments the hard medical treatment between two parties. The corrupt Kuomintang has spread to vital medical treatment. The Communists spirit of supporting oneself and medic lists responsibility embody in medical treatment.

In the fifth part, the paper devalues the foreign aids from international friendship. Kuomintang lay emphasis in depend on the foreign help, but the Communist Party is nonviable to live a new life for lord.