论小泉内阁的外交政策/Study on the Diplomatic policy of the Koizumi Cabinet

2019-03-18 23:41:17

nation great Japan Korea Koizumi



在亚太棋局中,日本是一枚重要的棋子。新世纪之初,日本将扮演何种角色,在国际舞台特别是亚太地区发挥怎样的作用,是继续坚持和平发展路线,还是走向军事大国,其对美、中、俄、韩、朝的关系将发生怎样的变化备受关注。

日本外交正处于历史性转折的十字路口,现今的小泉内阁无疑正在描绘日本新世纪的发展蓝图,为实现其政治大国目标在外交上做出积极地努力。小泉作为日本新生代政治家的代表,在自民党内部属激进改革派。他不仅继承了从中曾根的“政治大国论”到小泽一郎的“普通国家论”的一脉相承的理论体系,并且正在全面推进政治大国的目标。鼓动修改日本国宪法,积极争当安理会常任理事国,努力成为新的军事大国。

小泉内阁的政治大国思想在对美、中、俄、韩、朝外交政策中表现得淋漓尽致。日本进一步加强日美同盟。在政治上进一步靠拢,在经济上加强协商,在军事安全合作上更是迈上了新台阶;对华政策趋于强硬,对待其历史认识问题做了向“右”调整,不仅减少对华政府开发援助,还在能源方面加大了竞争力度,并在敏感的台湾问题上,日台发展了实质性的关系;小泉内阁谋求改善日俄关系,绕过领土问题寻求能源合作,加强经贸合作政策;在对待朝鲜半岛政策上,对韩国采取合作政策,对朝鲜则实行“接触与遏制”的政策,在和平解决朝鲜半岛问题上找到自己的一席之地。

从小泉内阁一系列外交政策的变化中不难看出,日本走向“政治大国”的脚步已不能停歇;在今后将进一步增强日美同盟;在一段时间内日本与中国的关系还不容乐观。



In the Asian and Pacific chessgame, Japan is one important board game piece. At the beginning of the new century, Japan will act what kind of role, will have what kind of effect in the world especially in the Asian-Pacific area, will it continue to persist the peaceful development route, or move towards the great military nation, and how to change the relations with America, China, Russia, The Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, these questions will attract many people’s attention. 

The Japanese diplomacy is being at the historical intersection. Nowadays Koizumi Cabinet must be describing the Japanese development prospect in the new century. In order to achieve its goal of being a great political nation, Koizumi Cabinet are making efforts positively. As the representative of the new era statesman in Japan, Koizumi belongs to radical reform faction of the Liberal Democratic Party. He has not only inherited from nakasoune’s“the theory of the great political nation”to Itirou Kosawa’s“the theory of ordinary nation”, but also been advancing the goal of the great political nation comprehensively. He agitates to revise the Japanese constitution, struggles to be a permanent member of the Security Council, makes efforts to the new great military nation. 

Koizumi Cabinet’s thought that Japan will become a great political nation is manifested fully in its diplomatic policy to America, China, Russia, The Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Japan further strengthens the union of Japan and America .It further closes up in politics, strengthens the consultation in the economy, steps a new stair in the military safe cooperation; tends to strongly the China policy, adjusts its attitude towards the historical problems to“the right”. It not only reduces to the aid of the Chinese government development, but also increases the competition in the energy aspect, and in the sensitive Taiwan problem, it developes the substantive relations with Taiwan; the Koizumi Cabinet seeks to improve the relations with Russia, seeks the energy cooperation by passing the territory question, strengthens the economics and trade cooperation policies; In treating the Korean Peninsula policy, adopts the cooperation policy to Korea, implements“the contact and the containment”policy to Korea, in order to find one place for Japan in solving the Korean Peninsula problem peacefully.

It is not difficult to see from a series of diplomatic policies in the Koizumi Cabinet that Japan’s footsteps towards “the great political nation”has not been able to stand; it will strengthen the union with America in future; the relations between Japan and China can not be considered optimistically in one period of time.