战后初期日本“保守本流”路线的确定及其评价/The review on the conservative mainstream route in Japan a

2019-03-18 22:54:51

route mainstream Japan conservative 本流



50年代初期,由吉田茂所确立的“保守本流”路线,其内容大致可概括为:一、继承传统;二、重民主政治;三、依靠美国;四、轻军备,集中发展经济;五、坚持和平宪法;六、重视官僚的主导作用。以鸠山一郎和岸信介为代表的右翼势力,执行不同与“保守本流”路线的政策主张,即:一、修改宪法;二、重整军备;三、自主独立外交。然而,岸内阁和鸠山内阁所执行的内外政策,连遭挫折,不能不使保守阵营内部重新反省和认识“保守本流”路线对稳定保守政权的客观作用。

80年代中期以来,“保守本流”路线支配体制瓦解,标志着日本从经济时代转入政治时代。但是,这并不意味“保守本流”路线对日本社会发展的作用和影响也就因此而同时终结,它依然继续存留于未来日本政治发展过程中,给日本政治以潜移默化的影响。

50年来,日本政治发展的历程表明,对“保守本流”路线重新评价有着非常现实的意义:一、为战后日本现代化的发展确立了指导路线;二、为自民党“一党优位制”奠定了基础;三、确立了和平稳定的外交环境;四、“政、官、财”一体化,导致“金权政治”产生;五、官僚主导作用,导致日本政治弱化;六、“政治三流”的困境。



At the beginning of 1950’s, Ji Tianmao established the conservative mainstream route. It includes several facets as follows: 1) inherits the tradition; 2) attaches importance to the democracy; 3) depends on American; 4) develops economy more, military less; 5) insists on the Peace Constitution; and 6) emphasizes the dominant functions of bureaucracy. On the contrary, the Right Forces which representative personages are Jiushan Yilang and An Shoujie implement another route that differs from the conservative mainstream route: 1) revises the constitution; 2) reorganizes the military; and 3) insists the independent diplomacy. The An and Jiushan cabinet’s failures makes the conservative camp rethink the importance of the conservative mainstream route to maintenance the authority of conservation route.

The failure of the conservative mainstream route meant that the mechanism came into political from economic times since the mid 1980s in Japan The conservative mainstream route still placed important work on the politics in Japan.

Through retrospection the development process of the conservative mainstream route since fifty years in Japan, we can get many meaningful enlightenments from it: 1)it offers the thought basis for the Japan modernization development after the World War Ⅱ; 2) It insures the priority position of ZiMin Party; 3) it constructs the peaceful diplomacy environments; 4) it urges the Money and Power politics; 5) it argues bureaucracy rules, and weaks the Japan politics; 6) it results in the problem of the three streams politic.



Key words: Ji Tianmao; conservatism; the conservative mainstream route; the conservative minorstream;