略论近代日本对中国东北地区铁路投资及影响(1905-1931)/The Study of Modern Japan’s Railway Investment
Railway is a production of the Industrial Revolution, its development adapted to that of human societies. The construction of railway itself is an economic behavior. In the Old China when it was a semi-colony , however, it become a reflection of hegemony, expanding forces for the imperial countries .This article will be titled by the investment and its influences to Northeast China railway of the modern Japan .For one hand, the railway investment is an important part of the whole investment to China of Japan in this period. It not only met the desire of hankering profits’ maximum of Japan’s capitalism development, but with railway in the lead , it also prompted the realization of “The policy of Mardarian and Mongolian”. It is of great value of academic study. For the other, in the economic-construction of our country nowdays, bringing in foreign capital is still an important way to solute the lack of capital, and to alleviate the intense condition. So it is of realistic significance of the study to this subject. this article, on the basis of owning large amount of true historical materials, adopting systematic and analytic method, induction and orgaron method, applying the principles of investment, tries to carry on tentative research for this well worthwhile subject.
The text of this article is made up of three parts. The first part is the historical motives of Japan to invest on the railway of Northeast China; the second is the investment; and the last one is the effects of the investment to Northeast China. The first part mainly analyses the reason of the investment from three aspects: the needs of the Japan Capitalism development, the impulsion of “The policy of Mardarian and Mongolian”,and the special place of railway in the imperial contest .The second part is mainly from the three forms: renting field and self-management, borrowing money and launchment and Sino Japan Jiont-ventures, to introduce the investment. The third part mainly estimates the effects of the investment to Northeast China from both the obverse and the reverse, it has deepened the colonization of the Northeast, but it also has impulsed the process to the recent times of the Northeast from the object aspect.
In a word, through the study of the investment of Japan and its influences on the railway of Northeast China, this article tries analysing historial problems from the angle of economy, tries to make some contribution to the study of the investment of Japan to the Northeast China, meanwhile, to provide some uses of reference for today, when it is to extensively draw foreign capital to the economic construction.