战后日本保守政党及其政策的演变/The Postwar Evolution of Japanese Conservative Parties and Conse

2019-03-17 05:37:37

Japan parties politic 保守 conservative



摘    要



保守主义在日本有着深厚基础,它对日本政治的发展有着深刻影响。战后日本的国家发展就是在保守政治基础上展开并完成的,保守政党在其中发挥了主导作用。鉴于保守政党在日本国家政治生活中的重要地位,本文通过对战后日本保守政党及其政策的分析来透视日本政治的发展过程及未来走向,并揭示保守主义、保守政党与日本政治及国家发展的密切关系。

论文由三大部分组成:

第一部分:作者通过阐述保守主义的内涵及其在日本的形成与发展,揭示保守主义在日本的深厚基础和对政治的独特影响。

第二部分:二战后,保守政党一直处于日本国家政治生活的中心位置,日本的发展渗透着保守理念的影响,作者通过对战后日本保守政党及政策演变轨迹的分析,使我们可以看到日本政治发展与保守政党的密切关系。

第三部分:进入21世纪,日本再次面临着国家战略的转型,保守政党在这一过程中也将再次发挥重要作用。因此保守政党所倡导的政治主张将为我们展示日本未来的发展方向。在这一部分中,作者通过结合国内外环境,作者对保守政党格局及政策进行分析,并以此为依据对日本政治的发展做出展望。



关键词:保守政党;保守主义;保守政治;演变



Abstract



Conservatism had profound social base and great influence on the development of politic in Japan. After world war two Japan′s development was started and completed on the base of conservative politic, in the course conservative parties exerted leading role. Because of conservative parties′ important station in Japan politic life, the thesis will display the course of  the Japan′s postwar development and future trend, then unveil the tight relation among conservatism、Conservation parties、Japan politic and Japan′s developing strategy.

The thesis is consist of three parts:

In part one, the author will display the dense conservatism atmosphere in Japan and its especial influence on Japan politic by explicating the connotation of conservatism and its generation and development in Japan.

In part two, since world war two ended, conservative parties have taking up the center position in power, so Japan′s development was greatly affected by conservatism thought. Through analyzing conservative parties and its policies evolution in postwar period, we can find the tight relation between Japan′s development and conservative parties.

In part three, at the begining of 21century, Japan is facing the transition of national strategy, so some conservatism politicians′claims can give us clue to the future Japan politic direction. In this part, by combing international environment and domestic condition and analyzing the conservative parties′ structure, the author will make a prospect on the development of Japan politic.

Key words:  conservative parties; conservatism; conservative politic; evolution