近代中国东北地区与日本贸易研究(1871-1931)/The study of modern trade between the Northeast of Ch

2019-03-16 23:45:29

China trade Japan Northeast 东北地区



《中日修好条规》及《中日通商章程》的签订标志着近代中日通商关系的正式确立。在近代中日贸易中,中国东北地区占据着重要地位。本文论述了从1871――1931年间东北地区与日本的贸易。甲午战争前双方进行的贸易是相对平等的,但甲午战争后,日本帝国主义从我国获取了许多特权,尤其是日俄战争后,几乎独占了东北地区的南部。东北地区作为日本的商品倾销市场和原料供给地,与日本贸易迅速发展起来。至“九·一八”事变后,东北地区完全沦为日本的殖民地,这一通商关系也随之结束。本文运用了比较和计量方法对这六十年间东北地区与日本贸易的兴起、发展、特点以及对近代日本与东北地区社会发展所产生的影响等问题进行了综合探讨。

本文分为四个部分,第一部分论述了1868年营口开港至1904年日俄战争前东北地区的中日贸易。这一时期由于营口港刚刚开放,而日本资本主义也处于初步确立阶段,所以东北地区与日本贸易也只是处在初步发展阶段。第二部分论述了日俄战争后至第一次世界大战结束期间双方的贸易。日俄战后日本实际上控制了东北地区南部,使双方贸易迅速发展起来,1914年一战的爆发又给日本提供了发展在东北地区贸易的良好机会。因此这一时期是东北地区与日本贸易迅速发展时期。第三部分中论述了一战结束至“九·一八”事变前双方贸易的发展。这一时期由于欧美国家商品重返东北市场及世界经济危机的冲击,日本与东北地区贸易大受影响,虽有发展但增长不稳定,是双方贸易的曲折发展时期。在第四部分中结合前三个部分的分析,总结概括了这一时期东北地区中日贸易的特点及其所产生的影响。深入分析了东北地区在日本帝国主义的商品倾销和原料供给两方面所起到的作用。而在肯定东北地区与日本贸易在客观上对东北地区社会经济近代化起到促进作用的同时,强调其对东北地区社会经济发展所起到的消极阻碍作用。得出了这一时期日本与东北地区贸易是资本主义国家对半殖民地之间的贸易的结论。



The sign of Sino-Japan Cordial Relationship Agreement and Sino-Japan Trade Agreement was the symbol of the beginning of the mutual trade relationship. The Northeast of China played a key role in the latter-day trade between China and Japan. This paper probes the trade between the Northeast of China and Japan during 1871-1931.Before Jiawu War the trade affairs were relatively equal, while after the Jiawu War, imperialistic Japan obtained many privileges from China, especially after Japan-Russia war, it almost solely occupied south part of Chinese northeast region, and then the Northeast of China , as the supplying place of market and raw material for commodity dumping, began to conduct the trade rapidly with Japan. Up to the September 18th Incident in 1931 when Japan occupied completely the Northeast of China, this trade was ended at the same time. With ways of comparing and computation, this paper makes a comprehensive probe to the emergence, development and feature of trade between the Northeast of China and Japan, and significance resulted from social development in Japan and the Northeast of China in modern times.

  This paper contains four parts. The first part discusses mutual trade between the Northeast of China and Japan from 1868 when Yingkou Port was opened to 1904 when the Japan-Russia war broke. During this period of time, the trade between Japan and the Northeast of China was in early establishment stage because the Japanese capitalism was in early establishment stage and the Yingkou Port was newly opened. The second part discusses mutual trade from post Japan-Russia war to the end of World WarⅠ. After the Japan-Russia war, Japan controlled south part of the Northeast of China in fact, and it increasingly promoted mutual trade, while the break out of World WarⅠin 1914 provided Japan with good opportunity to improve trade in the Northeast of China . Therefore this period is a rapid development age for the trade between the Northeast of China and Japan. The third part discusses bilateral trade development from the end of World WarⅠto the beginning of “ September 18th Incident”. During this period of time, due to the end of Word War I, commodities from European states and US returned to the Northeast of China market, and impacted by the world economic crisis, the trade between the Northeast of China and Japan was influenced much too, and developed unsteadily and it is a zigzag development period for the bilateral trade. Integrated with the result of previous three parts, the fourth part summarizes the feature of Sino-Japan trade in the Northeast of China in that period, and the resulting significance. It makes a further analysis on the role of the Northeast of China in the commodity dumping and raw material supply of imperialistic Japan. On the one hand it recognizes the positive role of trade between the Northeast of China and Japan to the social and economic development in the Northeast of China in modern times, on other hand it stresses that the trade between the Northeast of China and Japan makes a negative impact on the social and economic development in the Northeast of China. Finally it comes into being a conclusion that the trade between the Northeast of China and Japan in that period is only a trade between a capitalistic country and a semi colonial country.