冷战后日本对朝鲜政策的调整及其趋向/Change and Prospect of Japan Policies toward Korea

2019-03-16 15:27:46

policy 日本 Japan Korea 朝鲜



朝鲜局势的发展是整个世界关注的焦点,而且日本对朝鲜更加予以关注:从地缘政治上讲,日本欲通过谋求朝鲜半岛的某种平衡来减弱自身天然的脆弱性;从经济意义上讲,需要进一步发展的日本不可能对朝鲜如此巨大的经济潜力地区不屑一顾;就安全角度而言,半岛所存在的诸多不稳定因素使其“惴惴不安”。 

冷战期间,日本追随美国,对韩国一边倒,而对朝鲜则采取敌视和遏制的政策。冷战结束后,日本随着所处的国际、国内环境都发生深刻的变化,基于建立政治大国和军事大国的现实需求,对朝鲜政策进行了较大的调整:1.政策理念:由对抗到制衡即日本对朝鲜政策开始从“阵营”之间的对抗走向相关大国之间的制衡;2.政策导向:“追随”到“突破”即日本对朝鲜问题上,从“追随”美国外交逐渐走向“突破”外交;3.政策内容:从单一到多元即日本与朝鲜经济交流为主渐渐扩大到政治、经济、文化等方面的全面交流。日本对朝鲜政策的调整,其根本的出发点自然是国家利益在变化中的国际环境中得以最大化。

外交政策必然服务于国家利益,日本对朝鲜政策的调整,一定是基于国家利益的考虑,故此,我们有必要挖掘其调整背后的动因,诸如政治、经济、文化及安保等层面关于“政治大国”的需求、经济潜力的吸引、外交中的“町人根性”及安保的真实理念等,进而以此来把握政策的未来动向。

日朝两国关系的进一步改善在很大程度上受两国国内气候的变化和美朝关系实际进展状况的左右和制约,因此未来的日朝关系的正常化仍存在一些不确定因素。所以日朝关系正常化不是短期内能够实现的,日朝关系的改善道路仍将是漫长而曲折的。



The situation of the Korean situation is a focus that the whole world pays attention to, and Japan pays attention to further. Speaking from the geopolitics, the natural fragility that Japan must weaken oneself through seeking a certain balance of Korea Peninsular; Speaking from the economic meaning, the development of Japan needs the market of Korea; As regards safe angle, it is dangerous for Japan that Korea Peninsular exists a lot of destabilizing factors.

During the cold war, Japan followed U.S.A., adopted cooperate with S. Korea and policy that confronted with Korea. After the cold war, the international and domestic environment of Japan changed very greatly, Japan's policy to Korea had adjustment. 1. Idea of the policy: Change the face-off policy, keep the balance of other countries; 2. Direction of the policy: Change and follow the American foreign policy; 3. Content of the policy: Expand and Korean exchange, Japan, to the change of the Korean policy, its starting point is more national benefit of realizations.

The change of the domestic and international environment influences improvement of the relation between Japan and Korea, so the road is long and winding.