日本对外商品贸易地域结构研究/Research on the regional structure of foreign commodity trade of

2019-03-16 02:42:18

structure trade foreign commodity Japan



本文以系统思想为指导,综合运用人文地理学、国际经贸地理、世界经济学、国际贸易学等多学科理论,研究了我国最大贸易伙伴国——日本的对外商品贸易地域结构问题,特别是着重研究了日本对华商品贸易结构特点,拟在丰富和深化国际贸易地理学的实证研究。

本文在对贸易地域结构相关理论和研究方法进行探讨的基础上,从经济地理学研究视角出发,分析了区位因素、要素禀赋、经济因素和社会因素对其外贸地域结构产生的影响。通过翔实的数据收集、整理和计算,分析了不同历史时期进出口商品贸易结构特点,从洲际结构、区域结构和国别结构三个层次分析了日本对外商品贸易地域结构的现状特点,并探讨了其深层次原因,预测了日本在世界和亚洲商品贸易格局中的发展趋势。最后,通过TB指数、RCA指数、RNX指数、IIT指数和贸易结合度,着重对中日商品贸易结构特点进行了定量与定性分析,从贸易规模、贸易结构变化、比较优势、产业内水平和贸易联系程度等多视角研究了中日商品贸易结构特点:日本对华出口急剧增加;以垂直互补为主,水平竞争为辅,垂直型产业内贸易水平迅速提高;贸易进出口结合度都在提高,联系越来越紧密。预测了中日商品贸易结构的发展趋势。通过对日本对外商品贸易地域结构演变特点的研究,借鉴日本有益的经验,并提出我国对日商品贸易的优化对策与建议。

本论文除前言、结束语之外,主要包括四大部分:对外商品贸易地域结构研究的相关理论与方法;影响因素;地域结构演变特点;日本对华商品贸易结构特点及中国应对取向。



Based on the concept of system, making use of human geography, international trade geography, world economy, international trade etc, this thesis studies the regional structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan which is the biggest trade partner of China, especially analyses the traits of structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan to China, furthermore enriches and deeps the research on the case of the international trade geography.

Based on the relevant theories and approach of regional structure of foreign commodity trade, guided by the economic geography, analyzing the influences of location factor, integrant, economic factor and social factor on regional structure of foreign commodity trade, then through collecting, making up and counting abundant dates, analyzing the traits of regional structure of foreign commodity trade in different stages, the thesis analyzes the actuality traits of regional structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan from state structure, region structure and nation structure, discusses the deep reasons and points out the trend of regional structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan in Asia and world. Finally, through TB index, RCA index, RNX index, IIT index and commercial degree, emphasizing the traits of regional structure of foreign commodity trade between Japan and China, applying the qualitative and quantitative means, the thesis studies the traits of regional structure of foreign commodity trade of between Japan and China from trade size, trade structure evolution, comparative advantages, industry level and commercial degree. Furthermore summarizing the following traits: the exports of Japan to China are increasing; the vertical mutual benefit is the most important, however the level competition are secondary, the level of the vertical industry trade is enhancing; the commercial level and the connection are enhancing too. Based on the research on the traits of structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan, learning from the beneficial experiences of Japan, putting forward countermeasure and suggests of foreign commodity trade of China to Japan.

The contents of the thesis are outlined as follows. Part one is the relevant theories and approaches of structure of foreign commodity trade; part two is the influencing factors; part three is structure of foreign commodity trade evolution; part four are the traits of structure of foreign commodity trade of Japan to China and the countermeasures of China.