我国加工贸易增值影响因素及对策研究/Research of Influencing Factors and Countermeasures to Increas

2019-03-14 19:10:40

加工 value processing trade added



摘 要

近年来,国际产业结构不断向高级化发展,促进了发达国家和新兴工业化国家和地区的低端产业加速对外转移,凭借劳动力资源丰富、具备一定基础的制造业等有利条件,中国加工贸易迅猛发展,对我国对外贸易、经济增长、劳动就业和社会稳定做出了重要贡献。但我国因此正陷入国际分工价值链的低端,国内加工贸易附加值低,利润空间小,且主要由低成本的劳动力来支撑已成为不争的事实。随着沿海地区劳动力成本的日益提高,我国加工贸易的禀赋优势将逐渐减小,如何加快加工贸易增值不仅是当务之急,而且关系到我国对外贸易长远发展的重要问题。
本文分为五章:第一章选题、研究意义及文献概述;第二章我国加工贸易发展现状、贡献及不足;第三章我国加工贸易增值因素分析;第四章有关加工贸易增值影响因素的案例分析:以江苏白驹为例;第五章我国加工贸易增值对策研究。
第一章介绍了选题意义,研究目标和方法,研究的创新和局限。并着力从传统和实证分别研究了加工贸易增值理论。
第二章简要介绍了当前我国加工贸易发展的总水平。从增值角度,分析当前我国加工贸易发展的贡献,包括对对外贸易、国际收支、经济发展、就业和社会的贡献。同时分析了我国加工贸易发展的不足,表现在跨国公司的利润挤压、技术控制,劳动力上升压力和加工贸易企业自身的不足。
第三章基于相关理论,总结了加工贸易增值影响因素,建立了加工贸易增值因素多元回归模型,对经济发展水平、劳动力低成本、人力资源禀赋、运输成本、技术研发能力、规模经济因素、外商直接投资七个变量进行了实证检验,并得出了这些因素对加工贸易增值的影响。
第四章介绍了江苏白驹地区玩具加工贸易增值成功发展的案例,并利用增值因素进行了实证检验,最终从实践中,验证了加工贸易各因素是能够提高加工贸易增值的。
第五章结合加工贸易增值各因素,提出了我国加工贸易增值的对策。

关键词:加工贸易增值因素,加工贸易增值对策,价值链,劳动密集型产业



Research of Influencing Factors and Countermeasures to
Increase Added Value of Processing Trade in China



ABSTRACT


In recent years, International industry structure continually promotes to advancement, which leads to labor-intensive industry transfering from developed countries and newly industrialized districts. On the basis of abundant labor and well-developed manufacturing industry, processing industry has expanded rapidly and made great contribution to foreign trade, economy development, employment and society stabilization. However, as domestic processing trade is plunging in the status of low added value, limited profit space, and mostly depending on cheap labor cost, our relative industry is slumping to the bottom of international value chain. Due to the gradual growth of labor cost in littoral, labor cost will be a threaten to processing trade in China, how to increasing added value should be an absolutely urgent problem for our foreign trade long development.
The article contains 5 chapters: The first chapter is about thesis choosing, purport and theories of added value of processing trade. The second chapter introduces the background, contribution and limitation of processing trade in China. The third chapter analyzes several factors influencing added value of processing trade. The fourth chapter introduces a case in Jiangsu Baiju to analyze added value of processing trade. The fifth chapter puts forward the relative policies for increasing added value of processing trade.
The first chapter briefly introduces thesis choosing and purport, research method, objective, creation and limitation; Moreover, systematically summarying theories of added value of processing trade, both from traditionally and demonstration angels.
The second chapter chiefly describes developed status, of processing trade in China, also, analyzes its contribution to foreign trade, balance of payments, economy development, employment and society. Meanwhile, it explores development limitation of processing trade, which contains profit extrusion and technology controlling from multinational company, increasing pressure of labor cost and self-limitation of processing company. This part gives the problem we need to solve in whole article.
The third chapter is the key for whole article. Through creating regress model for added value factors of processing trade, getting the demonstration checkout to economy development, low labor cost, human resources supply, transport cost, technology ability, scale economy factor and FDI factor, also concluding their influence to added value of processing trade.
The fourth chapter introduces a successful case of improving added value for processing trade, which is a case about toy processing trade in Jiangsu Baiju district. Through demonstration checkout in reality , getting the same conclusion as third chapter.
The last chapter combines case analysis and added value factors, giving the countermeasures for increasing added value of processing trade.


KEYWORDS: influencing factors to added value of processing trade, countermeasures to increase added value of processing trade, labor-intensive industry, value chain