我国加工贸易增值影响因素及对策研究/Research of Influencing Factors and Countermeasures to Increas
Research of Influencing Factors and Countermeasures to
Increase Added Value of Processing Trade in China
In recent years, International industry structure continually promotes to advancement, which leads to labor-intensive industry transfering from developed countries and newly industrialized districts. On the basis of abundant labor and well-developed manufacturing industry, processing industry has expanded rapidly and made great contribution to foreign trade, economy development, employment and society stabilization. However, as domestic processing trade is plunging in the status of low added value, limited profit space, and mostly depending on cheap labor cost, our relative industry is slumping to the bottom of international value chain. Due to the gradual growth of labor cost in littoral, labor cost will be a threaten to processing trade in China, how to increasing added value should be an absolutely urgent problem for our foreign trade long development.
The article contains 5 chapters: The first chapter is about thesis choosing, purport and theories of added value of processing trade. The second chapter introduces the background, contribution and limitation of processing trade in China. The third chapter analyzes several factors influencing added value of processing trade. The fourth chapter introduces a case in Jiangsu Baiju to analyze added value of processing trade. The fifth chapter puts forward the relative policies for increasing added value of processing trade.
The first chapter briefly introduces thesis choosing and purport, research method, objective, creation and limitation; Moreover, systematically summarying theories of added value of processing trade, both from traditionally and demonstration angels.
The second chapter chiefly describes developed status, of processing trade in China, also, analyzes its contribution to foreign trade, balance of payments, economy development, employment and society. Meanwhile, it explores development limitation of processing trade, which contains profit extrusion and technology controlling from multinational company, increasing pressure of labor cost and self-limitation of processing company. This part gives the problem we need to solve in whole article.
The third chapter is the key for whole article. Through creating regress model for added value factors of processing trade, getting the demonstration checkout to economy development, low labor cost, human resources supply, transport cost, technology ability, scale economy factor and FDI factor, also concluding their influence to added value of processing trade.
The fourth chapter introduces a successful case of improving added value for processing trade, which is a case about toy processing trade in Jiangsu Baiju district. Through demonstration checkout in reality , getting the same conclusion as third chapter.
The last chapter combines case analysis and added value factors, giving the countermeasures for increasing added value of processing trade.
KEYWORDS: influencing factors to added value of processing trade, countermeasures to increase added value of processing trade, labor-intensive industry, value chain