关键词毛泽东思想 党内矛盾 党内斗争 毛泽东
Mao zedong's Inner-party Contradiction and Struggle Thought is the sum of a series of thoughts that are about correctly recognizing and dealing with inner-party disagreement and opposition. It is formed on the basis of Marxism-Leninism's inner-party contradiction and struggle theory being used creatively in the practice of CPC's building, of assimilating Chinese ancient culture heritage with his outstanding intelligence and talent, and of summing up the experience and lessons of inner-party struggles. This thesis analyses and researches the thought on five respects, which are history developing, basis, characteristic, theory system and historical appraisal.
Chapter One gives a brief account of three phases of forming, maturing and developing. The period from the birth of the Party to the Gutian Conference is the first phase, whose main sign is Mao's thought of building party from the ideological basis being put forward. Afterwards, the thought continues to develop. Until Yanan period, the Party has formed the guiding principle, pattern, and method of the inner-party struggles. The Yanan Rectification is the sign of maturity of Mao's Inner-Party Contradiction and Straggle Thought. Afterwards, the thought continuously develops. In this phase, there are not only successes but also setbacks.
Chapter two analyses the theory, history and objective bases of Mao's Inner-party Contradiction and Struggle Thought. The theory basis is Marxism on how to correctly recognize and deal with inner-party contradictions and struggles. The history basis includes two parts: one is about the experiences and lessons in the Party's history; the other is about the cream of our national culture in the history. The objective basis reflects in five aspects: the needs of correcting inner-party wrong thinking, of combating bookishness and experientialism, of combating Right Opportunism, of combating"Left"Adventurism, and of combating inner-party bourgeois ideas.
Chapter three analyses the characteristics of the Thought. The inheritance nature means Mao forms a thought system that is the direct successor of the thoughts of the classic writers by applying Marxism to Chinese revolution. The creative nature embodies in four parts: it is united tightly with the course of the CPC probing the correct road of Chinese revolution; it regards ideological building as the most important task of the Party's construction; it puts forwards the principle of correctly dealing with inner-party contradictions and the contradictions among the people; and it enriches Marxism-Leninism in all parts. The complexity of the inner-party contradictions and struggles reflects in three respects: inner-party contradictions interwoven with outer-party contradictions; contradictions between ourselves and the enemies interwoven with contradictions among the people; inner-party contradictions interwoven with inter-party contradictions. The personal characteristic and charm embody in three aspects: struggling bravely and skillfully, transforming man's ideology by education; strictly binding himself but magnanimously treating others; more setbacks, more courage.
Chapter four expounds the theory system of the Thought. On the necessity and the origin of inner-party contradictions and struggles, Mao says that inner-party contradictions and struggles occur frequently, which are the reflections of the class contradictions and contradictions between the new and the old, and that we ought to admit them. He stresses that ideological struggles should be carried out inside the Party, and that the Party's philosophy is that of struggling, and the Party can't make progress unless she struggles with wrong thinking uninterruptedly. He says, inner-party struggles should be laid on the base of Marxism-Leninism principles, and struggles in the realm of ideology should be carried out in the ruling party. He suggests that materialist dialectics method of thinking and the principle of"struggling on two fronts"should be used. He considers that the Party has been strengthened in the struggles of two fronts. He says that criticism and self-criticism are the powerful weapons in the inner-party struggles, and if there is or not serious self-criticism is the marked sign which differs our party from the others. He stresses that criticism should be serious, sharp-pointed, and sincere, honest, well-meaning. He says, in order to have correct criticism, inner-party democracy should be developed and the ruling party should carry out serious criticism and self-criticism. On the guiding principle of the inner-party struggles, he says that the correct principle should be"learning from past mistakes to avoid future ones, and curing the sickness to save the patient"The past mistakes must be exposed mercilessly; the scientific attitude should be adopted in analyzing past things; ideological criticism should be sternly, but organic handling should be leniently; help should be given to the comrades who have had mistakes; the aim of exposing mistakes and criticizing shortcomings is to save the patients, but not to punish them; in the inner-party struggles, we should start from the wish of unity, through criticism or struggles, and unite on the new base. On the pattern of the inner-party struggles, he says Rectification is a good form to deal with inner-party contradictions and struggles correctly, whose contents are opposing subjectivism, sectarianism and Party jargon; and it is a movement of studying Marxism universally, of being self-educated by criticism and self-criticism, and of saving cadres who have made mistakes.
Chapter five makes a historical appraisal on the Thought. Its theoretical significance is: further expounding the substance of inner-party struggles of the proletariat party; establishing the basic principle of"learning from past mistakes to avoid future ones, and curing the sickness to save the patient"; finding the good pattern of Rectification to carry out inner-party struggles. Its historic significance is: uniting the whole party into a militant collective and gaining the triumph of New Democratic Revolution; protecting the purity of Marxism-Leninism; dealing with contradictions among the people correctly; giving the lessons of the inner-party struggles launched in his later years to call descendants for deep thought. Its practical significance is: under the new historic condition, using the thought to resolve the inner-party problem of ideology and to build the Party's style and the honest and clean government, and to create new forms with modern characteristics in dealing with inner-party contradictions and struggles.