原敬内阁的对华政策/null

2019-01-13 02:16:21

China Japan diplomacy 外交 原敬



本论文将论述日本自眀治维新以来对华侵略方针的产生和发展过程,并重点阐述原敬内阁时期的对华政策的具体内容、实质以及深刻的背景原因。全文共分三个部分。

第一部分:论述了眀治维新之后日本现代化发展道路的选择与武力扩张政策的制定过程,即“大陆政策”的形成及其具体实施。甲午战争、日俄战争以及第一次世界大战时期的大战外交,反映出了日本一步步占领中国并独吞中国的野心。也反映出日本一战前武力侵略为主的强硬的外交特点。

第二部分:论述了第一次世界大战后原敬内阁所推行的对华政策的具体实施内容。一战后原敬为了适应国内外新形势,采取了“温和”的外交方针。对华政策主要以“经济援助”的手段,即以“日元外交”达到巩固在华既得利益的目的。而对于美国提出的华盛顿会议,也打算以“日美协调”为指导方针进行有关中国问题的处理。

第三部分:主要阐释了原敬之所以采取协调外交路线的国内外背景因素分析。原敬以“日美协调”为基本的协调外交思想是源于一战后美国政治、经济地位的上升。一战后美国的经济实力发生了根本性改变,政治地位随之上升,而美国在远东的战略方针的实施,使日本不得不改变一直以来奉行的强硬方针。而一战后日本国内民主力量的上升,也导致日本不得不放弃强硬外交,变为实施协调外交方针上来。





Since the Meiji Restoration, Japan has changed its aggression guidelines that aim at China. My thesis primarily focuses on what its Sino-Policy consists of. Based on that, I intend to reveal the policy’s deep-seated essence and background.

The thesis is composed of preface, text, conclusion and appendix. There are totally three parts in the section of text.

Part one retraces how the “Continent Policy” comes into being, including the development of  modernization and the establishment of expansionism in Japan since the Meiji Restoration。In view of the warfare diplomacy from the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, we can make out that Japan gradually takes measures in order to occupy China and drive out other forces in the end. At the same time, it can be inferred that Japan’s diplomacy has been symbolized with force aggression before World WarⅠ.

Part two introduces the specific policies of the Haratakasi Government that is dead against China since World War I. Considering the state of affairs home and abroad, Haratakasi remodels the diplomacy by a mild way. During this period, Japan’s policies aiming at China mostly solidify its benefits in China by economic assistance, which is called Yen Diplomacy. With regard to the issues about China that is proposed by the United States at Washington Conference, Japan intends to shape its policy by so-called Japan-US Coordination guidelines.

Part three reveals the reasons why the coordination route has been adopted. The idea of applying coordination to diplomacy roots in the increased political influence and economic impact of the US. After World WarⅠ, the economic power of the United States has been experiencing some thorough transformation, which is followed by the sharp rise of its political status. Thus, what the United States has carried out in the Far East compels Japan to change its hard line. In addition, the democratic forces in Japan have been arising since World WarⅠ, which has also reduced the government to prefer the coordination route concerning the diplomacy.