The fifty years between 1895 and 1945, was the key period in the progress of Taiwan, and was usually called Japan-occupying Era. During the time, On one side China lost the sovereignty to Taiwan and Japan’s colonization went deep step by step; On the other side Taiwan’s economy development turned from the state of standstill in superstitious time to the stage of relative development in modern capitalism time. In the respect of urbanization, this was the time Taiwan’s urbanization started and got initial development. The research about this problem gets a little achievement, so the paper plans to probe into the history process of Taiwan’s urbanization in Japan-occupying Era from historical factors, growing process and characters of its start, tries to discover full view of its occurrence and development and hopes to summarize something useful so as to provide our going-on construction of urbanization with reference.
The paper has two parts:
The first part: to expound the general situation of city development in Taiwan before 1895.
The second part: to discuss the start and initial progress of Taiwan’s urbanization in Japan-occupying Era. Firstly, this part explores the historical factors of its beginning at that time from lopsided colonial economic prosperity, sharp increase of population and the formation of modern transport network of Taiwan’s urbanization; secondly the fifty years is divided into two periods and three phases by 1920, and gets a complete discussion on the course of Taiwan’s urbanization; at last, the paper makes a comprehensive survey on the characters of Taiwan’s urbanization progress, from its stage, city distribution, city scale and non-burgeoning of the course.
Conclusion: Japan-occupying Era was an important stage in Taiwan’s city development. Taiwan’s urbanization started for Japan colonial activities and made a speed progress. At the same time the level of Taiwan’s urbanization was not high comparatively, and just in the middle.