老庄东传日本考略/null

2019-01-04 14:29:24

culture 文化 Chinese Japanese Japan



中国文化在国外的传播最早当属日本。公元522年随着佛教传入日本,中国的文献典籍也随之传入。正是因为大量摄取汉文化,日本逐步形成了古代天皇制以及以此为基础的日本精神。奈良时代,完成了从野蛮向文明的进化;平安时代,在咀嚼消化、融会贯通中华文明的基础上,形成了具有民族特点的国风文化。从汉末到魏晋,中国文化出现了一个历史性的转折:两汉经学逊位于魏晋玄学,三教并存取代了儒术独尊。在这一时期的汉字文化圈内,既对抗又亲和的儒、释、道三家,无不受玄风熏染,多少带着道家的烙印,自中土流播海外。在汉字文化的强烈辐射下萌发的日本文化,也就不可避免地带上母体文化的特征。考察中日文化交流史,即可发现:以老庄为代表的道家学说,作为构成汉文化的一个重要组成部分,不但同儒、释思想一同规制了中华文化的基本架构,而且对始终位于中华文化圈覆盖下的东瀛日本产生过巨大的影响。本文试图从“老庄”东传日本的几个时期来考察古代日本的老庄思想及文献的研究状况,从一个侧面揭示以老庄为代表的道家思想文献对日本文化的影响。



The spread abroad of Chinese culture is the most early in Japan. As Buddhism imports Japan in A.D. 522, The document ancient books and records of China are with importing too. Just draw the Chinese culture in a large amount, Japan has formed the ancient Mikado's system progressively and the Japanese spirit based on this.. The era of Nara, have finished from the barbarous evolution to the civilization. Safe era, on the basis of absorbing the Chinese civilization, formed country's wind culture with national characteristic. From will it be latter stage Han dynasty being at Wei and Jin era, A historical turn has appeared in the Chinese culture. Study of Confucian classics of Han dynasty modest to lie in the aphilosophical sect in the Wei and Jin dynasties, Three kinds of theories replaced authoritative Confucianism compatibly.In the Chinese character cultural circle of this period, Three kinds of thoughts of the Confucianists, Buddhist, Taoist school that confront with each other as well as merge, All corruptinged influence on by metaphysics, Taking the branding of thought of Taoist school, spread from ancient China to abroad. Japanese culture sprouted under the strong radiation of Chinese culture, has already take the characteristic of parent's culture unavoidably. Investigate the culture exchange history of China and Japanese, We can find that theory of Taoist school represented by Laozi and Zhuangzi, As an important component of Chinese culture, Not only has stipulated the basic frame of Chinese culture together with the Confucianists and Buddhist's thought, but also to an enormous influence on Japan whom lie in Chinese cultural circle exert under all the time. This text attempt through Laozi and Zhuangzi spread in odd periods in Japan, to investigate that ancient Japanese study the state about Laozi and Zhuangzi ,and Announce from a side that Influence on Japanese culture of thought of Taoist school represented by Laozi and Zhuangzi.