中日促进中小企业发展法律制度比较研究/a Comparative Study of the Legal Systems of Promoting Small a

2018-11-06 06:03:33

China 中小企业 SMEs law Japan



比较法学自20世纪兴起以来,在国内外不断获得发展,我国在比较法方面的研究也取得了不少成果。尤其在立法方面,每制定一项新的法律,广泛收集国外相关立法资料进行比较,以求即符合中国国情,又能与国际相互接轨。中小企业在国民经济中占有重要的地位,我国由于长期以来对中小企业发展缺乏足够的重视和支持,有关中小企业发展的理论研究还很薄弱。本文采用比较法学的研究方法,对中日促进中小企业发展法律制度进行了分析和比较。着重研究了日本中小企业立法体系的建立和完善对促进中小企业发展的作用过程,以及日本中小企业基本法及其他几部重要的中小企业配套法的规定内容。然后在比较分析了中日两国中小企业经济发展水平的差距、中日促进中小企业发展立法和政策的差异、中国现有中小企业立法和政策存在的问题及原因之后,提出了制定《中小企业促进法》及相关配套法、并修改现有配套法等完善我国中小企业立法体系的若干建议。




Comparative jurisprudence has been raised since the 20th century, and developed continuously in the domestic and abroad, we also achieved lots of successes about it in China. Especially in legislations, while drafting a new law, it must be collected and compared the materials of law in abroad widely so that the new law can conform to the reality of China, and accord with international. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an crucial role in the national economy. China has been short of enough recognition and support for the development of SMEs for a long time so that the theory study about the development of SMEs is very poor now. This paper made a comparative study of the legal systems of promoting SMEs development in China and Japan. The author concentrated on the economical development process of SMEs and the establishment and improvement of SMEs legal systems of Japan, and introduced the provision of the SMEs basic law and other several important incidental laws of Japan. Then the author compared the difference of SMEs economical development level in China and Japan, the difference of the existing SMEs laws and policies in China and Japan, problems and its reasons of the existing SMEs laws and policies in China, and finally raised some suggestions for the improvement of legislation about SMEs in China such as drafting the SMEs promoting law and some incidental laws, and amending some existing incidental laws.