中日促进中小企业发展法律制度比较研究/a Comparative Study of the Legal Systems of Promoting Small a
Comparative jurisprudence has been raised since the 20th century, and developed continuously in the domestic and abroad, we also achieved lots of successes about it in China. Especially in legislations, while drafting a new law, it must be collected and compared the materials of law in abroad widely so that the new law can conform to the reality of China, and accord with international. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an crucial role in the national economy. China has been short of enough recognition and support for the development of SMEs for a long time so that the theory study about the development of SMEs is very poor now. This paper made a comparative study of the legal systems of promoting SMEs development in China and Japan. The author concentrated on the economical development process of SMEs and the establishment and improvement of SMEs legal systems of Japan, and introduced the provision of the SMEs basic law and other several important incidental laws of Japan. Then the author compared the difference of SMEs economical development level in China and Japan, the difference of the existing SMEs laws and policies in China and Japan, problems and its reasons of the existing SMEs laws and policies in China, and finally raised some suggestions for the improvement of legislation about SMEs in China such as drafting the SMEs promoting law and some incidental laws, and amending some existing incidental laws.