总体战与日本主银行体制的形成/Total War and the establishment of The Main Bank System

2018-10-31 07:07:53

The System main Japan War



20世纪90年代,日本史学界出现了挑战传统史学观点的三种理论,它们认为,现代日本经济体制的特征虽然在战前已经出现萌芽,但是最终形成是在日本发动侵略战争,开展总体战时期。这些特征在战后一直延续着,并在日本经济高速增长期发挥了重要的作用。本文受到这些理论的启发,选取日本的主银行体制为切入点,试图对主银行体制的产生,形成过程做出新的解释。
日本近代银行体系早在明治时代就已经产生,但是第二次世界大战爆发前,日本企业仍是以“内部融资”为主。中日战争爆发后,总体战体制逐步建立。在这种战时经济下,协调融资开始普及,主银行体制产生并定型。战后,由美军主导的战后改革并没有对日本的金融体制进行根本性改造,战时形成的主银行体制在战后一直延续下来,直至今日。




After the 1990s,three theories that challenged widely accepted ideas appeared in Japanese historical circles. According to these theories,the major features in Japanese economic system originated before World War II but took shape during the total war period when Japan launched wars of invasion. These survived into the post-war period, playing an important role in Japan’s rapid economic growth. Enlightened by these theories, the paper is tried to get a new conclusion about the emergence and establishment of The Main Bank System.
The modern bank system sprouted in the very beginning of Meiji times, but the enterprises of Japan during Meiji times enlarge reproduction mainly by shares and their own stock capital. The financial system changed sharply after the war of invasion of China and the establishment of total war system. Loan Syndicate was popular and The Main Bank System emerged and established under the Wartime Planned Economy. The post war reformation guided by America did not make a fundamental transformation of Japan’s financial system, The Main Bank System was continued and expanded to contemporary Japan.