90年代以来台日关系演变趋势分析——以台湾对日政策为视角/Analyses on the development trends of the Taiwan-Ja
Taiwan's relations with Japan, which involves complicated interactions with the cross-strait relationship and Sino-Japanese relationship, has long been the focus of academic interest, both in China and Japan. In the year 1972 China and Japan resumed their diplomatic ties, when both countries also established the political framework for the relations between Taiwan and Japan, which was identified as and strictly confined to non-governmental and non-official. However, since the 1990s, both the changes of the international environment and the development of Taiwan's internal politics began to challenge this mechanism, and China was confronted with the risk of potential “Substantialization” of Taiwan-Japan relationship.
The paper presented rich trilateral materials and archives from mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan to describe and analyze the changes and characteristics of Taiwan-Japan relationship since the 1990s, with its focus on Taiwan’s foreign policy, especially its policy towards Japan. The paper applies a analytic logic thread as follows: foreign policy -- policy toward Japan -- Taiwan-Japan relations.
With this three-phased analytical model, the paper divides Taiwan-Japan relations since the 1990s into two major historical stages: respectively referring to the rule of Lee Teng-hui and that of Chen Shui-bian. In these two historical periods, Taiwan's foreign policy and relations with Japan have continuity as well as differences. The analyses for each historical stage of Taiwan-Japan relations are formulated in dual dimensions, stressing both policy analysis and evaluation of the bilateral relationship, the result of the former dimension. The paper perceives the Taiwan-Japan relations from three perspectives: political, economic and military.