台湾问题中的日本要素——以所谓日本情结为中心/the Japanese Factor inTtaiwan Problem---the Core of Japan

2018-10-26 02:25:30

The complex 台湾 Taiwan Japan



台湾问题是我国国家核心利益的重要组成部分,对该问题的处理与解决关系到我国的和平发展战略的成败。台湾问题的久拖不决不仅仅由于我国自身存在的特殊历史与现实原因,更与存在的国际阻力是分不开的。其中美国因素固然是解决台湾问题中最主要的外部阻力,但日本也扮演着不可忽视的角色。

历史上的台湾曾被日本侵占长达半个世纪,其间的日本殖民统治可以说对台湾社会各个方面均产生了巨大的消极影响,这就使台湾问题的处理与解决愈加复杂化了。

以往多数学者对于此问题的探讨多集中在政治、安全或者经济方面,鲜有着墨于文化因素的分析。然而,由于台湾问题的特殊性,仅靠军事、政治和经济之类的硬手段是不够的,还必须考虑到文化这一“软性” 要素的重要作用。因此,在这篇论文中,笔者将探讨的视角不再囿于以上传统领域,而从台湾岛内存在的“日本情结”这一特殊的殖民文化心理为切入点,通过分析其产生、发展、衰落而又再度“死灰复燃”的历史轨迹,以及以不断变化了的新形式渗入并影响台湾的政治、社会生活的具体过程与表现方式,对这一殖民心理与台湾复杂的政治生态间的关系进行了深入探讨。希冀能以此形成一处理与解决台湾问题的新视点。

本论文共分五章,第一章提出整个文章的理论框架,分析后殖民理论中的文化认同观点对于台湾问题分析的适用性与可行性;第二章分析日本殖民统治时期,台湾“日本情结”初步形成的原因和背景以及潜在的影响;第三、第四章则分别从蒋氏父子统治时期与“李、扁”时代这两个历史时期 “日本情结”的发展、变化进行分析,探讨其是如何一步步与台湾分离势力相结合,最后为“台独”分子所利用的演化过程,以及“日本情结”的存在对台湾政治生态、海峡两岸关系的消极影响;最后一章从“日本情结”对台湾整体民族文化认同所产生的消极作用这一层面,分析中国政府相应的对策与措施,并提出自己的研究结论与参考意见。




The Taiwan problem is the most important part of our national core benefits, which relates to that our peaceful development strategy will be promoted successfully or not. Apart from various historical and realistic reasons of ourselves, other international factors also result in the postpone of solving speed of Taiwan problem, among which the America is surely but Japan also plays the role that can’t neglect.

Japanese colonial regiment, which lasted fifty years, has made a great influence on the Taiwan society here and there until now. The influences on politics, economy and military have been remarked by many specialists. So this paper will not to confine itself to these above but discuss the cultural influence from many respects. During the periods of Japanese Occupation , Japanese culture was carried out by force and it exert a subtle influence on the Taiwan society, and even has affected the Taiwan’s social and political ecology strongly so far. The paper defines this kind of post-colonial mentality as “Japan Complex” and analyses the negative influence of that on the Taiwan’s cultural identity and the relationships across the Taiwan straits through this new cultural angle.

This thesis has five chapters. The first chapter put forwards the post-colonial theory and analyze the applicability and feasibility for the Taiwan problem. The second one is dedicated to the analysis of the reason and background of the forming of “Japan Complex” and the potential influence during the period of Japanese Occupation. In the next two chapters, the paper describes the change of “Japan Complex” and then deeply discuss how the “Japan Complex” has been colluding with Taiwan’s splittists from Jiang Jieshi’s ruling age to Li Denghui and Chen Shuibian’s ruling age. Do some research on the negative effect to Taiwan’s political ecology and the relationships across Taiwan strait. At last, the paper raises some conclusions aimed at the relations of “Japan Complex” and Taiwan’s cultural identity and do some work for the resolution of the Taiwan problem.