日本的NGO及其对日本外交的影响/Japan’s NGO and infulence on Japans diplomatism

2018-10-16 07:09:45

role 日本 Japan 外交 NGO



与西方发达国家相比,日本NGO的发展历史尚短,在日本外交中“政”“官”的作用仍然占据着压倒性强势地位。尽管如此,日本的NGO在国际社会与国内社会的活跃身姿仍然是日本外交中一道不容忽视的风景线。日本的NGO主要是从二战后开始发展,至今已经取得了比较大的成果。
首先,本文将对NGO和外交的基本概念进行梳理,并对与日本外交相关的NGO做出一个大致的界定。在此基础上,本文将从以下三个层次对日本的NGO与日本外交的关系做出一番考察,即:日本NGO的发展概况、日本政府对日本NGO的政策演进、以及NGO在日本外交领域的影响。在研究过程中,本文注意结合国际关系中有关全球治理、市民社会、民间外交、建构主义等相关理论,尝试从不同的视角阐释NGO对日本外交的双重影响。一方面, NGO作为日本对外交往的特殊主体发挥着作用;同时,它作为国内的一个行为主体,与日本的外交政策过程和政策环境形成了互动。
本文认为,尽管NGO在日本外交中较多地发挥着积极作用,但NGO本身又是一把双刃剑,其消极影响同样不可低估。有时,NGO的宗旨会与日本的外交方针相悖,从而也会给政府带来较大的麻烦。本文试图通过对日本NGO与日本外交的关系进行梳理与分析,从而对日本NGO在日本外交中的地位与作用形成一个较为清楚、全面的认识。



Compared with western developed countries, the history of Japan’s NGO is quite short. “Politics” and “Government” have played an overwhelmingly dominant role in Japan’s diplomacy. Still, the active role of Japan’s NGO in international and domestic cannot be neglected. Japan’s NGO began to develop since the end of World War Ⅱ. Great achievements have been made since then.
In this article, the author analyses the relationship between Japan’s NGO and Japan’s diplomacy in following three aspects: the general situation of the development of Japan’s NGO, the attitude of Japanese government on NGO, and NGO’s role in Japan’s foreign diplomacy. On the one hand, as an actor in Japan’s foreign relationship, NGO has played an active role. At the same time, as a domestic actor, it has been interacting with the formation and the environment of Japan’s foreign policy excellently. On the other hand, in addition to the active role played by NGO in Japan’s foreign diplomacy, NGO has also played some negative role. Sometimes, NGO’s tenet may go against Japan’s foreign policy, hence, bringing great trouble to the government.
In this article, the author tries to make a fairly clear and general understanding about the role and position of NGO in Japan’s foreign policy through the analysis of the relationship between Japan’s NGO and foreign policy.