论中日关系中的“经热民冷”现象/On the Phenomena of

2018-10-14 23:59:05

economic relationship China Japan Sino



一个良好的中日关系,对于中日两国来说都是至关重要的。纵观中日恢复邦交正常化以来的30几年,合作与发展始终是两国关系的主流。但是进入20世纪90年代之后,随着国际形势的极大改变,原本稳定的中日关系开始出现变化。

一方面,中日之间的经贸往来不断加强,双方都已成为对方最大的贸易伙伴,经济上的相互依存程度不断加深;另一方面,中日民间的对立情绪滋长,媒体报道中的正面新闻逐年减少,而负面报道却呈现出与日俱增的势头,民众的亲近感和好感度不断下降,伴随着“经济热”的升温,民间却是不断冻结的“冷”。而这 “冷”、“热”的并存也成为了当前中日关系的重要特点。

本文认为,这种“经热民冷”现象的出现,并非是偶然的。从本质上说,是由于中日两国在国家战略上的差异性造成的根本分歧,中日两国的任何问题都必须放在这样一个大的背景当中来进行讨论。此外,“民间冷”的出现还有两个方面的原因:历史问题的触发和大众媒体的行为性作用。正是在这三方面的共同作用下,两国的民间情绪不断的走向低谷。与此相对的,两国经济上的互补性又使得中日间必须维持一个稳定的经济关系,这也使得“经济热”得以维系。

需要指出的是,“经热民冷”仅仅是阶段性的存在,是特殊时期的特殊现象。“民间冷”的持续有可能会危及“经济热”的持续,这是中日两国都不愿看到的。双方应当行动起来,加强沟通和理解,特别是日本政府应当审视自身的行为,为改善目前的中日关系营造一个良好的环境,最终由“经热民冷”到“经热民热”。



A nice Sino-Japan relationship is very important for both China and Japan. With the normalization of Sino-Japan relationship in 1972, cooperation and development played the main role in the two nations during the past over three decades. But with the end the Cold War, the international situation has been deeply changed, as well as the Sino-Japan relationship.

On one hand, the economic exchange between China and Japan is more and more frequently. China has become one of the biggest trade partners of Japan. On the other hand, the number of the negative news has exceeded the right news in the media about the Sino-Japan relationship. In stead of harmony, the public of both two countries feel more tension and hostile, and the relationship between China and Japan lowered to the bottom in the 1990s. So, China and Japan witnessed the co-existence of “economic hot” and “pubic cold” in the recent 10years.

The reason of this phenomenal is various. In nature, the differences of national strategies for China and Japan can explain a lot, when we discuss any questions about Sino-Japan relationship. Furthermore, the historical problem and mass media can not be ignored. But the economic interdependence between China and Japan make a sustained economic relation can be kept, as well as the “economic hot”.