关于中日航线港口使费成本控制的研究/Research on the cost control of port charges of Sino-Japan lin
关键词：港口使费 中日航线 自引节拖 风险分析
Driven by fierce market competition, most of companies are trying to take an upper hand over their competitors by minimizing their cost. Here Aiming at Sino-Japan container Line to study how the shipping companies effectively control the cost of Port Charges during the daily management, thus enabling the companies to possess a cost advantage in the competition.
Currently, Ocean freight is the major competitive aspect in the Sino-Japan line, and the competition on the Sino-Japan line is turning white-hot that all China export ocean freight can not even cover the cost which means negative freight even appeared in the marketing. Hence, the diversity on the cost will be the weapon of victory or defect under current critical situation. Port Charges is the highest cost among various operational costs on the Sino-Japan line, constituting more than half of their total cost. Comparing with other cost, like fuel cost and vessel cost, Port Charges is controllable and managerial. However, common Port Charges control method has been insufficient for shipping companies running Sino-Japan line to survive in the increasingly fierce market competition, therefore, some special means have to be adopted in the light of management and charge collection features on the line. It’s only at the beginning how to effectively control Port Charges cost.
The essay has embarked from the structure of Port Charges cost in both China and Japan, in terms of different collecting pattern and management specialty, by using risk analysis, following conclusion is deducted: To manage Sino-Japan line well, the shipping companies should choose suitable vessels and appoint qualified captains, thus self-piloting in and out of Japanese port can be realized and towage can be saved. And a good vessel schedule is also indispensable to reducing additional cost in holidays and night shift and wise storage planning can avoid later Re-store. Furthermore, in spite of the rule of charge set by the government, shipping companies can seek a way to negotiate discount of charge with the port. In addition, shifting the mode of management and levying THC are also effective ways to cover part of the Port Chargess and control the cost on the Sino-Japan line.
Key words: Port Chargess, Sino-Japan line, self-pilot and towage saving, risk analysis