我国加工贸易发展及其转型升级策略研究/The Development and Upgrading Strategies of Chinas Processing

2018-10-11 16:02:50

The 加工 processing trade 贸易



在全球经济一体化的大背景下,加工贸易成为各国参与国际分工与合作的一种重要形式。亚洲四小龙以及日本通过发展加工贸易实现了经济的快速发展。在我国,加工贸易已经有了二十多年的发展历史,对我国经济增长做出了重要贡献,尤其在吸引外资、引进技术、扩大就业、利用外汇方面。与此同时,加工贸易自身的特点和国内政策的导向带来了一系列问题,从而引起人们对加工贸易地位和作用看法的分歧。因此本文选择加工贸易的发展及其转型升级策略作为研究的重点和核心,旨在通过对加工贸易客观而全面的分析,阐明加工贸易发展的必要性和现实意义,并提出具体策略促进加工贸易进一步发展。
本文的结构共分五章。第一章是引言。指明在当前的国际背景下,我国发展加工贸易的重要意义,并对加工贸易的国内外研究理论进行梳理,总结了相关的研究成果;第二章是加工贸易概述。在界定了加工贸易的概念基础上,介绍与加工贸易相关的经济学理论,并强调指出发展中国家选择加工贸易道路有其必要性和必然性;第三章详细介绍了亚洲国家和地区发展加工贸易的实践,以及拉美国家经济发展的历程,从中总结出我国可以借鉴的经验和教训;第四章分析我国加工贸易发展的现状及存在的问题。按照历史和逻辑的脉络,首先回顾了加工贸易在我国的发展过程,然后通过对比加工贸易发展的预期目标和实际结果之间的差距,指出加工贸易发展至今面临的问题,这一部分是文章的重点所在;第五章首先明确了加工贸易升级的内涵,指出升级的必要性,然后从理论上探讨加工贸易升级的可行性,最后集中讨论促进升级的具体策略,这些策略也是针对前文中加工贸易存在的问题提出的相应解决措施。总体而言,笔者认为,加工贸易符合我国的比较优势情况和国际经济贸易发展的趋势,是我国工业化进程的重要阶段,在我国一个相当长的时期内有其存在的合理性。现阶段发展加工贸易的重点是改进其不足,推动转型升级,使其成为我国经济增长的新动力。
有关加工贸易的研究有很多,分析的角度也千差万别。本文立论的独特之处是依据我国发展中国家的现实,肯定了加工贸易是发展中国家实现工业化和经济发展的必经之路,没有局限于对加工贸易监管或是引进外资等单一方面的讨论。



In the background of economy globalization and integration, processing trade has become an important way for each country to participate in international division and corporation. The four Asian Dragons and Japan have achieved rapid growth through processing trade. In China, the history of processing trade dates back to twenty-six years ago when China started the reform and open policy. It has contributed a lot to China’s development especially in absorbing foreign investment, creating employment and increase foreign exchange. At the same time, many problems came up due to the characteristics of processing trade and national policies. As a result there exist various and contrary opinions about whether and how to continue processing trade. The thesis chooses this topic and tries to answer the question based on an all-around analysis. In conclusion, the thesis points out that it is more necessary to promote upgrading of processing trade rather than give it up.
The framework of the thesis can be divided into five parts. The first chapter summarizes present researches both home and abroad. The second chapter introduces the concept of processing trade, present related theories, and then emphasizes that it is rational and inevitable for developing countries to choose the path of processing trade. The third chapter describes the practices of processing trade that were quite successful in four countries or regions. These experiences and lessons will teach us a lot when we face the same problems. The fourth chapter discusses the reason and history of processing trade in China in a logic way. As the core of the thesis, this chapter compares a lot about the difference between actuality and our anticipated goal, because this is the source which causes dispute about processing trade. The fifth chapter is also the last one. It puts forward specific suggestions and measures on how to promote upgrading of processing trade. These suggestions are proved to be feasible according to analysis of RCA.
The contribution of this thesis is that it doesn’t restrict itself on a single point. It stands for developing countries and concludes that processing trade will help developing countries to realize industrialization.