日本重返国际社会历史轨迹探析/the process of Japan recovered the international society

2018-09-24 07:11:12

process international 日本 国际 Japan



本文主要阐释第二次世界大战后日本重新参与国际政治经济体系的历程。二战结束之后,日本作为法西斯战败国,受到国际社会的惩罚、被孤立于国际社会之外。但是在战争结束不到20年的时间里,日本重新参与了美国主导的、在反法西斯战争胜利的基础之上建立起来的国际政治经济新体系,先后加入了战后国际社会的“三大支柱”——关税和贸易总协定(GATT)、国际货币基金组织(IMF)和世界银行(WR)、联合国(UN)。加入这“三大”国际组织,标志着日本重返国际社会,进一步融入战后国际新秩序,而且为战后日本经济的腾飞提供了广阔的舞台。
应该看到,国内外许多研究美日外交的成果对本论题多有涉及,但系统深入的专门研究迄今尚未出现。因此,本文以廓清史实,理清日本重返国际政治、经济舞台的基本线索和意义为目的,在吸收前人研究成果的基础上,参考目前所能搜集到的中、英、日文资料,对所涉及的问题进行爬梳整理,并据以解析推动战后日本经济发展的重要因素,解析日本与国际社会的关系,进一步探讨东亚发展模式,希望为正在与国际社会接轨的中国提供可资借鉴的历史经验。



This thesis releases mainly the process that Japan recovered the international political and economic system after the World War II.
After Japan was vanquished in the World War II, Japan was isolated from international society. Because the Cold War broke out and American had changed the policy of occupation of Japan. With America's help, Japan had entered into three big international organizations ——General Agreement of Tariff and Trade(GATT), International Monetary Fund(IMF) and United Nations(UN), in on longer 20 years. It has provided a very big opportunity for the economic and social development of the Japanese.
In my opinion, Japan entry into international society, was related with America's help, on the other hand, was inside factors. And the latter was more important.
The process of Japan entry into the international system provides precious experience for China's internationalization.