一二八事变前后《申报》对日态度评析/reviewing the attitude of Shen Bao towards Japan before and af
After September 18th Incident broke out, Resistance Against Japan and national salvation movement surged in Shanghai.As the most influent media of Shanghai then, Shen Bao exerted important effect in guiding public opinions. It revealed Japanese aggressive ambition and all kinds of conspiracies, encouraging the army and masses to enthusiastically devote into resistance against Japan and national salvation movement. As the national crisis grow extremely serious day by day, Shen Bao’s attitude towards Japan was becoming increasingly tough and the means it advocated to resist against Japan was changing. After Japan enkindled flames of war on January 28th in Shanghai,this inclination was shown more distinctively. Shen Bao not only furthered its effect in conducting propaganda, advancing the idea of taking national and revolutionary force to breast aggression of Japan, and mobilizing the public to support the resistance of front army; but also became the important position, which boosted the battlefront and vindicated home front order. On the basis of reviewing the attitude of Shen Bao towards Japan before and after January 28th Incident, the paper probes into reasons that brought about the increasingly tough attitude. From the point of view of positive environment at that time, the concrete reasons were of many aspects, such as change of international public opinions, impetus of national benefit and benefit of bourgeoisie itself, its organizational change and director Shi liangcai’s personal factors.
Shen Bao claimed its national standpoint before and after January 28th Incident, expressing its anti-Japanese attitude clearly and definitely. On one hand, it did its utmost to urge Nanjing and Guangdong government to cooperate and deal with Japan，criticizing non-resistance of GUO MING TANG government.With the development of situation, esp. after the break out of January 28th Incident, Shen Bao’s criticism on GUO MING TANG government sharpened increasingly, till attacked on autocratic rule of GUO MING TANG and requested Nanjing government to grant the public with democratic right to resist against Japan. On the other hand, Shen Bao spared no effort to appeal the public to unite and resist against Japan and rescue the national crisis together. Its forceful anti-Japanese propaganda has played an important role in arousing public resisting confidence and enhancing sense of national pride. To sum up, it is no exaggeration to say that Shen Bao has significantly pushed forward resistance against Japan and national salvation movement nation-wide, esp. in Shanghai.