DEOXYNUCLEOSIDE INDUCES NEURONAL APOPTOSIS INDEPENDENT OF NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS

2020-04-05 18:24:46

neurons death nucleoside sympathetic dAdo

责任者: WAKADE, AR;PRZYWARA, DA;PALMER, KC;KULKARNI, JS;WAKADE, TD 单位: WAYNE STATE UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PHARMACOL,DETROIT,MI 48201.;WAYNE STATE UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PATHOL,DETROIT,MI 48201. 来源出处: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v 270, JUL 28 1995, p 17986- 17992 摘要: Postmitotic sympathetic neurons are known to undergo a programmed cell death (apoptosis) when they are deprived of nerve growth factor (NGF) or treated with arabinofuranosyl nucleoside antimetabolites. Here we report the existence of a biochemical mechanism for the induction of neuronal death by an endogenous nucleoside in the presence of NGF. In support of such a mechanism we show that 2-deoxyadenosine (dAdo) induces apoptosis in chick embryonic sympathetic neurons supported in culture by NGF, excess K+, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, or forskolin. Neuronal death was related to a dramatic increase in the dATP content of sympathetic neurons exposed to dAdo (34.96 +/- 5.98 versus 0.75 +/- 0.16 pmol/mu g protein in untreated controls, n = 9), implicating dATP in the toxicity. Supportive evidence for a central role of dATP was gained by inhibition of kinases necessary for phosphorylation of dAdo. 5-Iodotubercidin in nanomolar concentrations completely and dose-dependently inhibited formation of dATP and also protected against toxicity of submillimolar lar concentrations of dAdo in sympathetic neurons. Although some of these actions of dAdo were remarkably similar to those reported for human lymphoid cells, several were uniquely different. For example, [H-3]dAdo was not transported into neurons by the nucleoside transporter, and therefore inhibition of the transporter (dilazep, nitrobenzylthioinosine) did not prevent neurotoxicity by dAdo. Precursors of pyrimidine synthesis (2-deoxycytidine, uridine) or NAD(+) synthesis (nicotinamide) were ineffective in protecting sympathetic neurons against dAdo toxicity. Finally, inhibition of adenosine deaminase by deoxycoformycin or erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine did not potentiate the toxic effects of dAdo. Our results provide evidence for the first time that neuronal cells are as susceptible to nucleoside lethality as human lymphocytes are, and provide a new model to study the salvage pathway of deoxyribonucleosides in controlling neuronal populations through programmed cell death. 关键词: ASTROCYTES; CALCIUM; FLUOXETINE; GLYCOGENOLYSIS; 5-HT RECEPTORS; SEROTONIN SEROTONIN; NERVE GROWTH-FACTOR; ADENOSINE-DEAMINASE DEFICIENCY; SYMPATHETIC NEURONS; FACTOR DEPRIVATION; HUMAN-LYMPHOCYTES; CHICK-EMBRYO; NEURONS; FACTOR DEPRIVATION; HUMAN-LYMPHOCYTES; CHICK-EMBRYO; CELL-DEATH; CYCLIC-AMP; DEOXYADENOSINE; TOXICITY CELL-DEATH; CYCLIC-AMP; DEOXYADENOSINE; TOXICITY