DETERMINATION OF CADMIUM IN FOODSTUFFS AND PLANT MATERIALS BY FLOW INJECTION-SPE

2020-03-26 16:01:33

The formation cadmium chlorocomplexes FOODSTUFFS

责任者: NETO, JAG;BERGAMIN, H;SARTINI, RP;ZAGATTO, EAG 单位: UNIV SAO PAULO,CTR ENERGIA NUCL AGR,BR-13400970 PIRACICABA,SP,BRAZIL. 来源出处: ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, v 306, MAY 10 1995, p 343- 349 摘要: A flow-injection system with a minicolumn packed with a strongly basic anion exchanger (AG1-X8 resin, 200-400 mesh) is proposed for the spectrophotometric determination of cadmium in foodstuffs, plants and similar based on the formation of a cadmium iodide-Malachite Green (MG) associate. Improved sensitivity and selectivity are attained since cadmium is in-line concentrated as chlorocomplexes whereas lead, copper and other potential interferents are discarded. Reagent compositions, flow rates, commutation times, mean available time for chlorocomplexes formation, and conditions for concentration and elution were investigated. A 2.0 M NaCl-0.1 M HCl solution was elected for chlorocomplexes formation, and a 90-s concentration time was set. The eluant, also sample carrier stream, was a 2.0 M NaNO3 plus 0.1 M HNO3 solution. The proposed system handles about 25 samples per hour (2.50-25.0 mu g Cd l(-1)), consuming ca. 8 ml of sample, 0.25 mg MG and 0.41 g KI per determination. The detection limit is 0.11 mu g Cd l(-1). Results are precise (R.S.D. 2.72 and 2.26% for 5.12 and 19.7 mu g Cd l(-1)) and in agreement with certified values of standard reference materials. Recoveries within 99.1 and 111.2% were found. With two resin minicolumns, the applicability of the system is expanded, and samples solubilized with nitric and perchloric acids can also be run. The first minicolumn stands for in-line perchlorate removal before chlorocomplex formation, and the second one for cadmium concentration. Although more complex, similar system performance and results quality relatively to the system with a single minicolumn are attained. 关键词: ION EXCHANGE; FLOW INJECTION; SPECTROPHOTOMETRY; CADMIUM; TERNARY COMPLEX; FOODSTUFFS COMPLEX; FOODSTUFFS;