Electron injection in a nanotube with leads: finite-frequency noise correlations

2020-03-04 01:47:53

frequency noise nanotube charges correlations

责任者: Lebedev, A.V.;Crepieux, A.;Martin, T. 单位: Landau Inst. for Theor. Phys., Russian Acad. of Sci., Moscow, Russia 来源出处: Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)(Phys. Rev., B, Condens, Matter Mater. Phys. (USA)),2005/02/15,71(7):75416-1 摘要: The nonequilibrium transport properties of a carbon nanotube which is connected to Fermi liquid leads, where electrons are injected in the bulk, are computed. A previous work which considered an infinite nanotube showed that the zero-frequency noise correlations, measured at opposite ends of the nanotube, could be used to extract the anomalous charges of the chiral excitations which propagate in the nanotube. Here, the presence of the leads has the effect that such noise cross correlations vanish at zero frequency. Nevertheless, information concerning the anomalous charges can be recovered when considering the spectral density of noise correlations at finite frequencies, which is computed perturbatively in the tunneling amplitude. The spectrum of the noise cross correlations is shown to depend crucially on the ratio of the time of flight of quasiparticles traveling in the nanotube to the voltage time which defines the width of the quasiparticle wave packets injected when an electron tunnels. Potential applications toward the measurement of such anomalous charges in nonchiral Luttinger liquids (nanotubes or semiconductor quantum wires) are discussed 关键词: carbon nanotubes;electron device noise;Fermi liquid;Luttinger liquid;electron injection;carbon nanotube;Fermi liquid leads;finite-frequency noise correlations;anomalous charges;nonequilibrium transport properties;zero-frequency noise correlations;chiral excitations;noise cross correlations;spectral density;tunneling amplitude;time of flight;quasiparticles;wave packets;Luttinger liquids;semiconductor quantum wires;C