Kinetics and Boltzmann kinetic equation for fluctuation Cooper pairs

2020-01-01 21:11:17

pairs fluctuation equation dependent Cooper

责任者: Mishonov, T.M.;Pachov, G.V.;Genchev, I.N.;Atanasova, L.A.;Damianov, D.C. 单位: Lab. voor Vaste-Stoffysica en Magnetisme, Katholieke Univ. Leuven, Belgium 来源出处: Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)(Phys. Rev., B, Condens, Matter Mater. Phys. (USA)),2003/08/01,68(5):54525-1 摘要: The Boltzmann equation for excess Cooper pairs above Tc is derived in the framework of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) theory using Langevins approach of the stochastic differential equation. The Newton dynamic equation for the momentum-dependent drift velocity is obtained and the effective drag force is determined by the energy-dependent lifetime of the metastable Cooper pairs. The Newton equation gives just the Drude mobility for the fixed momentum of Cooper pairs. It is shown that the comparison with the well-known result for Aslamazov-Larkin paraconductivity and BCS treatment of the excess Hall effect can give the final determination of all the coefficients of TDGL theory. As a result the intuitive arguments used for an interpretation of the experimental data for fluctuation kinetics are successively introduced. The presented simple picture of the degenerated Bose gas in τ approximation near the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature can be used for analysis of fluctuation conductivity for the cases of high frequency and external magnetic field for layered and bulk superconductors. The work of the Boltzmann equation is illustrated by frequency-dependent Aslamazov-Larkin conductivity in nanowires, in the two-dimensional case and in the case of strong electric field where the TDGL equation is solved directly. There are also derived explicit formulas for the current in the case of arbitrary time dependence of electric field up to the THz range, the distribution of fluctuation Cooper pairs for nonparabolic dispersion, the influence of the energy cut-off, and the self-consistent equation for the reduced temperature. The general theory is illustrated by formulas for fluctuation conductivity in nanowires and nanostructured superconductors 关键词: Boltzmann equation;Cooper pairs;differential equations;Ginzburg-Landau theory;nanowires;fluctuation Cooper pairs;Boltzmann kinetic equation;excess Cooper pairs;time dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory;stochastic differential equation;Newton dynamic equation;momentum-dependent drift velocity;effective drag force;Drude mobility;degenerated Bose gas;Bose-Einstein condensation;fluctuation conductivity;layered superconductors;bulk superconductors;frequency dependent Aslamazov-Larkin conductivity;nonparabolic dispersion;energy cut-off;nanowires;nanostructured superconductors;τ approximation