Gas and humidity sensors based on iron oxide-polypyrrole nanocomposites

2019-12-01 05:46:36

Iron sensors humidity oxide polypyrrole

责任者: Suri, K.;Annapoorni, S.;Sarkar, A.K.;Tandon, R.P. 单位: Dept. of Phys. & Astrophys., Delhi Univ., New Delhi, India 来源出处: Sensors and Actuators B (Chemical)(Sens. Actuators B, Chem. (Switzerland)),2002/01/05,B81(2-3):277-82 摘要: Nanocomposites of iron oxide and polypyrrole were prepared by simultaneous gelation and polymerization process. This resulted in the formation of mixed iron oxide phase for lower polypyrrole concentration, stabilizing to a single cubic iron oxide phase at higher polypyrrole concentration. The composites in the pellet form were used for humidity and gas sensing investigations. Their sensitivity to humidity was found to increase with increasing concentration of polypyrrole. Gas sensing was performed for CO2, N2 and CH4 gases at varying pressures. The sensors showed a linear relationship between sensitivity and pressures for all the gases studied. The sensors showed highest sensitivity to CO2 gas 关键词: air pollution measurement;composite materials;gas sensors;humidity sensors;intelligent materials;iron compounds;sol-gel processing;gelation;polymerization;lower polypyrrole concentration;single cubic iron oxide phase;polypyrrole concentration;humidity sensors;gas sensors;nanocomposites;polypyrrole;CO2;N2;CH4;methane;varying pressures;linear relationship;sensitivity