Surface characteristics and adhesion performance of black oxide coated copper su

2019-07-19 13:49:34

electron surface copper adhesion oxide

责任者: Lebbai, Mohamed;Kim, Jang-Kyo;Szeto, W.K. 单位: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong Univ. of Sci./Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong 来源出处: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology,2003,17(11):1543-1560 摘要: Black oxide is a conversion coating applied onto the copper substrate to improve its interfacial adhesion with polymeric adhesives. A comprehensive study is made to characterize the black oxide coating using various characterization techniques, including SEM, XPS, AFM, XRD, Auger electron spectroscopy, TEM, D-SIMS, RBS and contact angle measurements. It was found that the oxide coating consisted of cupric and cuprous oxide layers from the top surface to inside. The cuprous oxide layer was formed on the copper crystal surface, on which densely-packed fibrillar cupric oxide grew continuously until saturation. The cupric oxide had a fibrillar structure with high roughness at the nanoscopic scale, whereas the cuprous oxide was rather flat and granular. There was a continuous change in oxide composition with no distinct boundary between the two oxide layers. The bond strength between the epoxy resin and the oxide coated copper substrate increased rapidly at a low level of oxide thickness, and became saturated at thicknesses greater than about 800 nm. There were similar dependences of bond strength on surface roughness, oxide thickness especially of cupric oxide and surface energy, reflecting the importance of these surface characteristics in controlling the interfacial adhesion. 关键词: Adhesion;Copper;Epoxy resins;Black coatings;Contact angle;Interfacial energy;Chemical bonds;Scanning electron microscopy;X ray photoelectron spectroscopy;Atomic force microscopy;X ray diffraction;Auger electron spectroscopy;Transmission electron microscopy;Interfacial adhesion