Selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with methane over scandium oxide,

2019-06-04 02:37:05

activity methane compounds oxide yttrium

责任者: Fokema, Mark D.;Ying, Jackie Y. 单位: Massachusetts Inst of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA 来源出处: Applied Catalysis B:Environmental,1998,18(1-2):71-77 摘要: The selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with methane over nanocrystalline Group IIIB metal oxides was investigated between 400°C and 675°C. Scandium oxide and yttrium oxide are better catalysts than lanthanum oxide because they have a greater specific activity and selectivity. The activity of yttrium oxide is 75% of that of Co-ZSM-5 at 600°C and yttrium oxide was also found to have excellent hydrothermal stability, with only a small reversible inhibition of activity in the presence of water vapor. In an excess of oxygen, the reaction orders in O2, NO and CH4 are similar over these Group IIIB metal oxide catalysts, with approximate values of -0.5, 0.5 and 0.8, respectively. A nanocrystalline grain size and high surface area improve the conversion of NO to N2 by shifting the light-off curve for methane activation to a lower temperature, where the methane selectivity is higher. 关键词: Reduction;Catalyst selectivity;Nitrogen oxides;Methane;Oxides;Catalyst activity;Thermodynamic stability;Grain size and shape;Scandium compounds;Yttrium compounds;Lanthanum compounds;Selective catalytic reduction;Scandium oxide;Yttrium oxide;Lanthanum oxide;Nanocrystalline metal oxide;Hydrothermal stability